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How to Get a Business License in Washington
Written by: Natalie Fell
Natalie is a business writer with experience in operations, HR, and training & development within the software, healthcare, and financial services sectors.
Edited by: David Lepeska
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Updated on May 2, 2023
How to Get a Business License in Washington
- Why are business licenses required in Washington?
- Which agency issues business licenses in Washington?
- Steps to Get a Washington Business License
- Types of Business Licenses
One of the most important elements of starting a business in Washington is making sure you have all the requisite licenses and permits. The requirements vary by state, some of which have as many as 300 different licenses and permits.
This article is too short to list them all, but it’s crucial that you’re aware of which ones your business needs and that you follow the steps for application and put your business on the road to success.
In Washington, businesses need certain licenses and permits to legally operate as a business. The regulatory hurdles required vary depending on the type of business, its location, and the products and services offered.
To help you launch your new business, this article lays out the most commonly needed permits and licenses in Washington — and details the steps required to acquire them.
Why are business licenses required in Washington?
Business licenses and permits are issued to certify that a business and its products and services are safe for the public. This explains why food businesses, for instance, require more licenses than most other business types.
Which agency issues business licenses in Washington?
In Washington, the Department of Revenue issues the vast majority of licenses and permits, including the state business license. Some other licenses are issued by the Department of Health and the Department of Agriculture. For instance, the Department of Health issues licenses to practicing medical professionals, but the Department of Agriculture issues farming and pesticide permits.
Some licenses and permits are issued by cities or counties. If you live in Seattle, you need to check with that city to see if licenses or permits are required for your business.
Before you apply, it’s important to know which state or local agency issues the license you need. Check the state’s guidelines here to learn more.
You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.
Steps to Get a Washington Business License
In Washington, the steps for acquiring specific licenses and permits vary widely, so it’s important to be aware of what you need, and how to get it.
Determine the Types of Licenses That You Need
In Washington, the main license a business needs to obtain is the state business license. You must register with the Department of Revenue and get a state business license if you meet any of the following criteria:
- Your business requires city and state endorsements.
- You are doing business using a name other than your full legal name.
- You plan to hire employees within the next 90 days.
- You sell a product or provide a service that requires the collection of sales tax.
- Your gross income is $12,000 per year or more.
- Your business is required to pay taxes or fees to the Department of Revenue.
- You are a buyer or processor of specialty wood products.
- Your business meets Nexus threshold reporting requirements.
In addition to obtaining a state business license, you may need additional licenses to run your business. For example, to run a home healthcare business, you’ll likely need a license or permit from the Department of Health. If you’re opening a restaurant and plan on selling alcoholic beverages, you’ll need a liquor license from the Liquor and Cannabis Board.
Submit Your Business License Application
Various agencies and departments issue licenses and permits so you’ll need to apply with the relevant offices, and you can usually do so online. For example, you’ll apply for your state business license with the Washington Department of Revenue.
The Department of Revenue also has an online Business Licensing Wizard to assist you with applying for various other endorsements, permits, and licenses. Some cities and local municipalities may have their own specific licensure requirements related to your type of business, so make sure you contact your local office for more information.
How much does a Washington business license cost?
The cost to obtain a state business license in the state of Washington is $90. Costs for other business licenses vary greatly. Food sales and manufacturing licenses typically cost a few hundred dollars. Liquor licenses can cost thousands of dollars depending on the business type.
In Washington, and most US states, jumping through all the hoops to acquire the necessary licenses and permits can be exhausting. But if you want to operate your business, you’ll have to wade through all the red tape. So get started on these regulatory hurdles as early as possible and clear the way for your entrepreneurial journey to success.
How fast can I get a business license in Washington?
State business licenses are typically issued within 10 business days after the application is received. Applying for additional state or city endorsements or permits may add an additional two to three weeks. Processing times for other licenses may vary greatly. Obtaining an agricultural permit or liquor license may take several weeks.
Renew Your Licenses When Needed
In Washington, state business licenses must be renewed annually and the renewal fee is $10. Specialized business licenses and permits may also require renewal. Most have annual renewal requirements and associated fees, but be sure to check with the issuing authority for specific guidelines.
Types of Business Licenses
Your business may need local, state, and/or federal licenses and permits, depending on your type of business. Fees for these vary, but most costs are minimal.
Federal regulations associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific permits.
The most common permits and licenses include:
- Business operating licenses may be required by the city and the state to allow you to operate.
- Industry-specific licenses may be required, depending on your type of business. Businesses involved in construction, childcare, plumbing, electrical, food and liquor, insurance, finance, landscaping, and architecture all require licensing, for example. In some highly regulated industries, you may require licensing from a federal agency, such as the FDA or Department of Transportation.
- Zoning permits are issued by municipalities to ensure you’re operating in an area in which you’re allowed to operate.
- Building permits verify that the building you’re operating in is up to code. Home occupation permits, which some areas require, allow you to operate a business from your home.
- DBA permits allow you to do business under a name that is different from your legally registered business name.
- Sales tax permits allow you to sell products and collect sales tax.
- An employer identification number (EIN) is required if you plan to have employees, no matter what your business entity type.
- Health licenses and permits are required for certain businesses based on industry, and you will be required to maintain health and safety standards. Environmental permits are also required for certain industries in some locations.
- Fire permits certify that your business is up to fire safety codes. Depending on your location, this may be required for all businesses, while in other areas it’s required only if you work with flammable materials.
- Sign permits may be required for your location or other signage if there are rules about sign size and location.
Again, check with local government offices in your area for specific requirements based on your location and industry.
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