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How to Get a Business License in New Mexico
Written by: Coralee Bechteler
Coralee is a business writer with experience in administrative services, education, and software testing.
Edited by: David Lepeska
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Updated on May 2, 2023
How to Get a Business License in New Mexico
- Why are business licenses required in New Mexico?
- Which agency issues business licenses in New Mexico?
- Steps to Get a New Mexico Business License
- Types of Business Licenses
One of the most important elements of starting a business in New Mexico is making sure you have all the requisite licenses and permits. The requirements vary by state, some of which have as many as 300 different licenses and permits.
This article is too short to list them all, but it’s crucial that you’re aware of which ones your business needs and that you follow the steps for application and put your business on the road to success.
In New Mexico, businesses need certain licenses and permits to legally operate as a business. The regulatory hurdles required vary depending on the type of business, its location, and the products and services offered.
To help you launch your new business, this article lays out the most commonly needed permits and licenses in New Mexico — and details the steps required to acquire them.
Why are business licenses required in New Mexico?
Business licenses and permits are issued to certify that a business and its products and services are safe for the public. This explains why food businesses, for instance, require more licenses than most other business types.
Which agency issues business licenses in New Mexico?
In New Mexico, the Regulation and Licensing Department issues the vast majority of licenses and permits, though some are issued by the Environment Department and the Taxation and Revenue Department. For instance, the state Department of Game & Fish issues commercial pet store permits, while the Motor Vehicle Division issues truck driver’s permits.
Some licenses and permits are issued by cities or counties. So if you live in Albuquerque, you’ll need to check with the city to see if licenses or permits are required for your business.
Before you apply, it’s important to know which state or local agency issues the license you need. Check the state’s guidelines here to learn more.
You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.
Steps to Get a New Mexico Business License
In New Mexico, the steps for acquiring specific licenses and permits vary widely, so it’s important to be aware of what you need, and how to get it.
Determine the Types of Licenses That You Need
In New Mexico, most businesses require at least a business license from the county or municipality they’re located in.
The additional licenses your business needs in New Mexico will reflect the general type and nature of your business. For example, a convenience store seeking to sell alcohol must first acquire the necessary licensure.
To safely run your business, it’s essential to review both state and county requirements and verify that your business is properly licensed.
Submit Your Business License Application
Most businesses in New Mexico can apply for a business license through their local Municipal or County Clerk. Simply select your business’s county to find further application details using the state’s Finance New Mexico service.
Additional licenses are filed with various departments of New Mexico, so it’s best to double-check where to file a given form with the state’s Regulation and Licensing Department, or you can contact them directly for more information at the number below.
How much does a New Mexico business license cost?
Business license fees differ between different counties and municipalities in New Mexico, but most charge $35 to initially acquire the license, as well as a $35 annual renewal fee.
Additional license fees are dependent on which license is being applied for. Costs span a range, such as $350 for a funeral establishment license to $750 for a tobacco license.
In New Mexico, and most US states, jumping through all the hoops to acquire the necessary licenses and permits can be exhausting. But if you want to operate your business, you’ll have to wade through all the red tape. So get started on these regulatory hurdles as early as possible and clear the way for your entrepreneurial journey to success.
How fast can I get a business license in New Mexico?
The processing time for business licenses in New Mexico varies from county to county, but you can expect an average of five to seven business days. Filing online can help speed up the process.
In New Mexico, applications for other licenses take a range of time to process. For example, processing retail food permits can take a couple of weeks.
Renew Your Licences When Needed
In New Mexico, license renewal requirements vary, but most counties require business licenses to be renewed annually. Be sure to check with the state for renewal regulations and fees regarding the licenses your business needs.
Types of Business Licenses
Your business may need local, state, and/or federal licenses and permits, depending on your type of business. Fees for these vary, but most costs are minimal.
Federal regulations associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific permits.
The most common permits and licenses include:
- Business operating licenses may be required by the city and the state to allow you to operate.
- Industry-specific licenses may be required, depending on your type of business. Businesses involved in construction, childcare, plumbing, electrical, food and liquor, insurance, finance, landscaping, and architecture all require licensing, for example. In some highly regulated industries, you may require licensing from a federal agency, such as the FDA or Department of Transportation.
- Zoning permits are issued by municipalities to ensure you’re operating in an area in which you’re allowed to operate.
- Building permits verify that the building you’re operating in is up to code. Home occupation permits, which some areas require, allow you to operate a business from your home.
- DBA permits allow you to do business under a name that is different from your legally registered business name.
- Sales tax permits allow you to sell products and collect sales tax.
- An employer identification number (EIN) is required if you plan to have employees, no matter what your business entity type.
- Health licenses and permits are required for certain businesses based on industry, and you will be required to maintain health and safety standards. Environmental permits are also required for certain industries in some locations.
- Fire permits certify that your business is up to fire safety codes. Depending on your location, this may be required for all businesses, while in other areas it’s required only if you work with flammable materials.
- Sign permits may be required for your location or other signage if there are rules about sign size and location.
Check with the state and local government offices for specific requirements for your location and industry.
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