There’s no way around it: carpets get dirty. At some point, a deep cleaning is a must, which is why the US carpet cleaning industry is worth nearly $5 billion. You could launch your own carpet cleaning service and grab a profitable piece of that market.
But starting a successful business requires work, preparation, and relevant knowledge. Fortunately, you’ve come to the right place, as this step-by-step guide has all the information and insight you need to put you well on your way.
Step 1: Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Pros and cons
A carpet cleaning business has pros and cons you should consider before deciding if it’s right for you.
- Vast Market – Carpet is nearly ubiquitous
- Revenue Add-Ons – Clean upholstery and car interiors as well
- Repeat Business – Offer service plans to have recurring business
- Expensive – Van + cleaning equipment will be costly
- Stiff Competition – Many established companies to contend with
Carpet cleaning industry trends
Industry size and growth
Trends and challenges
These are the latest trends in carpet cleaning:
- Safer, greener chemicals for carpet cleaning are increasingly in demand as health-consciousness and eco-awareness rise. Many new carpet cleaning chemicals aim to be certified by Green Seal, a non-profit organization that certifies products as healthy and environmentally safe.
- Carpet cleaning tools are also becoming more effective. The latest technologically advanced carpet cleaners, called encapsulated cleaners, perform a deep clean, capture dirt and odors, and leave behind a substance that keeps odors away longer.
Challenges in the industry include:
- The growing preference for hardwood and laminate flooring limits the demand for carpet cleaning services.
- Tough competition comes from franchises and janitorial service companies that also offer carpet cleaning services.
What kind of people work in carpet cleaning?
How much does it cost to start a carpet cleaning business?
Startup costs for a carpet cleaning business range from $10,000 to $45,000. By purchasing used equipment, including your carpet cleaning machine and a used van, you can stay at the lower end of the range.
|Start-up Costs||Ballpark Range||Average
|Setting up a business name and corportation||$150 - $200||$175
|Licenses and permits||$100 - $300||$200
|Insurance||$100 - $300||$200
|Business cards and brochures||$200 - $300||$250
|Website setup||$1,000 - $3,000||$2,000
|Van to transport equipment||$5,000 - $10,000||$7,500
|Carpet cleaning equipment||$3,000 - $30,000||$16,500
|Carpet cleaning solvents||$300 - $500||$400
|Total||$9,850 - $44,600||$27,225
How much can you earn from a carpet cleaning business?
The average price of carpet cleaning is $50 per room. When working by yourself, your profit margin should be high, around 90%. In your first year or two cleaning carpets, you could work from home and do 15 weekly jobs of 2 rooms each, bringing in nearly $80,000 in annual revenue. This would mean over $70,000 in profit, assuming that 90% margin.
As your brand gains recognition, you would rent a commercial space, hire staff, and add more vans, reducing your profit margin to 40%. But if you’re able to do 60 2-room jobs per week, your annual revenue would be more than $310,000. As a carpet cleaning business owner, you’d make a nice profit of $125,000.
What barriers to entry are there?
There are a few barriers to entry for a carpet cleaning business. Your biggest challenges will be:
- Startup costs are high if you buy new equipment
- You’ll need a unique value proposition to attract clients
Related Business Ideas
If you’re still not sure whether this business idea is the right choice for you, here are some related business opportunities to help you on your path to entrepreneurial success.
Step 2: Hone Your Idea
Now that you know what’s involved in starting a carpet cleaning business, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research carpet cleaning businesses in your area to examine their products and services, price points, and customer reviews. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a 24/7 carpet cleaning business, steam cleaning, or a high-end carpet cleaning company.
You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as upholstery cleaning or commercial carpet cleaning.
This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
In addition to carpets, you could offer other cleaning services as well. These might include:
- Upholstery cleaning
- Car or boat interior cleaning
- Tile and grout cleaning
- Hardwood floor cleaning
- Area rug cleaning
- Subscription cleaning services
How much should you charge for carpet cleaning?
Carpet cleaning services average about $50 per room. Working by yourself, your ongoing costs will be limited to gas and cleaning chemicals, so you should have a profit margin of around 90%. When you expand and have staff, your margin should be about 40%.
Once you know your costs, use the Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your price points.
Who? Identify your target market
Your target market will be mainly homeowners, who tend to be more established professionals. You’re most likely to find them on sites like Facebook or LinkedIn.
Where? Choose your business premises
In the early stages, you may want to run your business from home to keep costs low. But as your business grows, you’ll likely need to hire workers for various roles and may need to rent out an office. Find commercial space to rent in your area on Loopnet, Craigslist, Crexi, and Commercial Cafe.
When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:
- Central location accessible via public transport
- Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
- Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
- Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
Step 3: Brainstorm a Business Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
- Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
- Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
- The name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
- Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
- Including keywords, such as “carpet cleaning” or “carpet cleaner”, boosts SEO
- Name should allow for expansion, for example “Jim’s Bakery” over “Jim’s Cookies”
- Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
- Use online tools like the Step by Step business name generator. Just type in a few keywords and hit “generate” and you’ll have dozens of suggestions at your fingertips.
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
- Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
- Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
- Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
- Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
- Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
- Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
- Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
- Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
- Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
- Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.
If you’ve never created a business plan yourself before, it can be an intimidating task. Consider hiring an experienced business plan writer on Fiverr to create a professional business plan for you.
Step 5: Register Your Business
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you are planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to carpet cleaning businesses.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your carpet cleaning business will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
- Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
- General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
- Limited Liability Company (LLC) – Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
- C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
- S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using ZenBusiness’s online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your Articles of Organization, and answer any questions you might have.
Step 6: Register for Taxes
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you are completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
- Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
- SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
- Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
- Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
- Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
- Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
Bank and SBA loans are probably the best option, other than friends and family, for funding a carpet cleaning business.
Step 8: Apply for Licenses/Permits
Starting a carpet cleaning business requires obtaining a number of licenses and permits from local, state, and federal governments. Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as, health license and permit from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level licenses and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more. You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements.
This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties.
If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.
For peace of mind and to save time, we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state, and provide them to you to make sure you’re fully compliant.
Step 9: Open a Business Bank Account
Before you start making money you’ll need a place to keep it, and that requires opening a bank account. Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your carpet cleaning business as a sole proprietorship.
Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
- General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
- Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
- Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
- Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
- Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
- Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
- Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
- Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of any of the above insurance types.
Step 11: Prepare to Launch
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
You can use industry-specific software, such as Service Autopilot, Jobber, or CleanSmarts, to manage your invoicing, payments, scheduling, and supplies.
- Popular web-based accounting programs for smaller businesses include Quickbooks, Freshbooks, and Xero.
- If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Some of your business will come from the casual online visitors, but still you should invest in marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness.
Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products:
- Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area.
- Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
- Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Schedule Now”. This can sharply increase purchases.
- Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.
Take advantage of your website, social media presence and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:
- Optimize calls to action – Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Schedule Now”. This can sharply increase purchases.
- Post a video – Post a video about your product. Try using humor and maybe it will go viral!
- Email marketing – Send regular emails, even an email newsletter, to customers and prospects. Make them personal.
- Start a blog – Start a blog and post regularly. Change up your content and share on multiple sites.
- Seek out referrals – Ask your customers for referrals or try to partner with companies that have a similar customer base. For example, if you have a remodeling company, partner with realtors. You can even offer incentives for customers who send referrals.
- Paid ads on social media – Choose sites that will reach your target market and do targeted ads.
- Get listed – On sites like Google Local, Yelp, and Bing
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism. They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Webflow, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your carpet cleaning business meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your carpet cleaning business could be:
- Green cleaning for your health, and the health of the Earth
- Restore your carpets to look like new!
- Urgent carpet care, available 24/7
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a carpet cleaning business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in carpets for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in carpet cleaning. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership. Online businesses might also consider affiliate marketing as a way to build relationships with potential partners and boost business.
Step 12: Build Your Team
If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a carpet cleaning business would include:
- Cleaners – perform cleaning services
- General Manager – Scheduling, staff management, accounting
- Marketing Lead – SEO strategies, social media, other marketing
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Start Making Money!
Opportunity abounds in the $5 billion carpet cleaning industry. You can clean more than just carpets and grow your revenue by cleaning upholstery and other kinds of flooring.
Even working by yourself you can make a healthy profit and then add more vans and staff later to grow your business into a carpet cleaning empire! You’re armed with all the knowledge that you need, so you’re now ready to start your entrepreneurial journey and build a successful carpet cleaning business.
Carpet Cleaning Business FAQs
How much does it cost to start a carpet cleaning business?
You can start a carpet cleaning business for as little as $10,000 by buying used equipment and a used van. You can upgrade your equipment and expand your business with more vans down the road.
Is a carpet cleaning business profitable?
Yes! Working by yourself you can make as much as a 90% profit margin. You can charge $50 – $75 per room, so if you stay busy, you’re going to make good money.
Do I need a license to start a carpet cleaning business?
There is no specific license needed to start a carpet cleaning business, but you may need business licenses and permits at the state and local levels. Check with your local governments for requirements.
How much should I pay carpet cleaners who work for my company?
Hourly rates for carpet cleaners range from $12 to $17 per hour. You should see what carpet cleaning companies in your area are paying to make sure that the wages you offer are competitive.