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How to Start a Roller Skating Rink
Roller skating was one of the most popular pastimes of the 1960’s and 70’s. Today, people of all ages still enjoy a day or evening at the rink. Whether you’re hosting a kid’s birthday party or gathering colleagues for a team-building event, roller skating is a great way to celebrate and connect while engaging in healthy physical activity.
The recreational sports centers industry, which includes roller skating rinks, is worth $78 billion and expects steady growth in the coming years.
While you might be eager to dive in and become a rink owner, it’s important to understand the relevant procedures and concerns. Fortunately, this step-by-step guide provides the entrepreneurial foundation you need to launch your business.
Time to build
$40,000 to $70,000 p.a.
Step 1: Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Pros and cons
Before starting a roller skating rink, it’s important to consider the pros and cons.
- Fun Environment – Create a positive customer experience and have fun doing it
- Good Money – Charge up to $500 for private events
- Room to Grow – Add an arcade or a full-service restaurant
- Expensive Startup – High costs to rent and renovate a facility
- Potential Injuries – Skaters often slip and fall, creating liability issues
Roller skating rink industry trends
Roller skating rinks fall within the fitness and recreational sports centers industry.
Industry size and growth
- Industry size and past growth – The global fitness and recreational sports center industry is worth $78 billion in 2022. The industry saw a decline during the pandemic, but is now back on the rise.https://www.marketreportsworld.com/global-and-united-states-fitness-and-recreational-sports-centers-market-20651372
- Growth forecast – The global fitness and recreational sports centers industry is expected to grow at an annual rate of 3.5% through 2028.
Trends and challenges
Trends within the roller skating rink industry include:
- People have discovered that roller skating is a great cardio workout, so many rinks now offer a variety of skating work-outs.
- Roller rinks are perfect for dance parties. Rinks across the country hold nightclub-style events for teens and young adults, boosting revenue.
- Some rinks are expanding their skate rental offerings to include inline skates alongside the traditional quad skate.
Challenges within the roller skating rink industry include:
- Accidents happen at roller rinks, as skaters trip, fall, or collide. To minimize liability and avoid lawsuits, owners should have customers sign wavers, keep their facilities clean, and carry strong insurance.
- While skating rinks are popular places to host birthday parties, there are countless other recreational activities to choose from. You’ll need to focus on smart marketing and quality services to make your rink a top destination.
What kind of people work in roller skating rinks?
- Gender – 31.1% of skating rink managers in the U.S. are women and 68.9% are men.https://www.zippia.com/skating-rink-manager-jobs/demographics/
- Average level of education – The average skating rink manager has a bachelor’s degree.
- Average age – The average age of a skating rink manager in the United States is 46.
How much does it cost to start a roller skating rink?
Startup costs for a roller rink range from $19,000 to $39,000. Costs include the facility lease, renovations, purchase of skates and equipment, website, and advertising.
You’ll need a handful of items to successfully launch your roller skating rink, including:
- Roller skating rink
- Roller skates
- Maintenance tools
|Start-up Costs||Ballpark Range||Average|
|Licenses and permits||$100-$300||$200|
|Marketing and advertising||$1,000-$2,000||$1,250|
|Roller skating accessories||$2,500-$5,000||$3,000|
How much can you earn from a roller skating rink?
The average cost for roller rink admission is $10, with skate rentals costing about $5. After considering labor and overhead costs, expect a profit margin of around 35%
In your first year or two, you could charge $10 admission and $5 skate rentals to 250 customers per week. You could also host one private event each week at a rate of $450 per group. This would result in $218,000 in annual revenue and $76,000 in profit, assuming that 35% margin. As your roller rink increases in popularity, you could increase sales to 400 customers and two private events per week. With annual revenue of $359,000, you’d make a handsome profit of $126,000.
What barriers to entry are there?
There are a few barriers to entry when it comes to starting a roller rink. Your biggest hurdles will be:
- Finding an affordable, suitable facility in a great location
- Cost of renovations and equipment
Step 2: Hone Your Idea
Now that you know what’s involved in starting a skating rink, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research roller skating rinks in your area and online to examine their services, price points, and customer reviews. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a roller skating rink with a snack bar or video game room.
You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as birthday parties, corporate events, or skating work-outs. This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
You’ll be charging customers for skating time at your rink. You could also host private parties and events and charge a flat rate to rent out the facility. Some roller skating rinks offer skating lessons, exercise classes, and host nightclub-style events to teens and young adults. You might also serve food and beverages or have an arcade onsite.
How much should you charge for roller skating?
The average cost for three to four hours of roller skating is $10. Skate rentals cost around $5. Rates for private events average around $400 per group. After the cost of labor and overhead, expect a profit margin of 30%.
Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price points. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.
Who? Identify your target market
Your primary target market will be kids and teens who want to enjoy a fun afternoon or evening of roller skating. You’ll also attract adults who enjoy this nostalgic pastime.
Find your ideal customers by marketing your business on Facebook, TikTok, and Instagram. To attract corporate customers, consider using LinkedIn. You could also network with local schools and youth organizations.
Where? Choose your business premises
You’ll need to rent or purchase a suitable facility for your roller skating rink. As your business grows, you’ll likely need to hire workers for various roles and may need to rent out an office. You can find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.
When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:
- Central location accessible via public transport
- Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
- Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
- Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
Step 3: Brainstorm a Business Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
- Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
- Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
- Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
- Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
- Including keywords, such as “roller rink” or “skating rink”, boosts SEO
- Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Jim’s Bakery” over “Jim’s Cookies”
- Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
- Use online tools like the Step by Step Business Name Generator. Just type in a few keywords and hit “generate” and you’ll have dozens of suggestions at your fingertips.
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
- Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
- Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
- Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
- Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
- Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
- Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
- Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
- Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
- Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
- Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.
If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist at Fiverr to create a top-notch business plan for you.
Step 5: Register Your Business
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you are planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to roller skating rinks.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your skating rink will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
- Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
- General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
- Limited Liability Company (LLC) – Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
- C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
- S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using ZenBusiness’s online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have.
Step 6: Register for Taxes
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
The IRS website also offers a tax-payers checklist, and taxes can be filed online. It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you are completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
- Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
- SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
- Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
- Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
- Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
- Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
Bank and SBA loans are probably the best option, other than friends and family, for funding a roller skating rink. You might also try crowdfunding if you have an innovative concept.
Step 8: Apply for Licenses/Permits
Starting a roller skating rink requires obtaining a number of licenses and permits from local, state, and federal governments.
Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more.
You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.
This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties. If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.
Step 9: Open a Business Bank Account
Before you start making money, you’ll need a place to keep it, and that requires opening a bank account.
Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your skating rink as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
- General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
- Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
- Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
- Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
- Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
- Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
- Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
- Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.
Step 11: Prepare to Launch
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
- Popular web-based accounting programs for smaller businesses include Quickbooks, Freshbooks, and Xero.
- If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Some of your business will come from the casual passerby or word of mouth, but you should still invest in digital marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness.
Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products:
- Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area.
- Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
- Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Book Now”. This can sharply increase sales.
- Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.
Take advantage of your website, social media presence and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:
- Signage – Put up eye-catching signage at your store and website
- Flyering – Distribute flyers in your neighborhood and at industry events
- Sponsor events – You can pay to be a sponsor at events that are relevant to your target market
- Post a video – Post a video about your roller skating rink. Use humor and maybe it will go viral!
- Seek out referrals – Offer incentives to generate customer referrals to new clients.
- Paid ads on social media – Choose sites that will reach your target market and do targeted ads.
- Influencer marketing – Pay people with large social media followings to promote your roller rink. You can find micro-influencers with smaller followings and lower rates.
- Testimonials – Share customer testimonials about how much fun they had at your roller skating rink.
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism. They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Wix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your roller skating rink meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your roller rink could be:
- Safe, speedy skating at our state-of-the-art rink
- Roller skating fun for the whole family!
- Skating parties and events for all ages
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a roller skating rink, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in skating for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in roller skating rinks. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership.
Step 12: Build Your Team
If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a roller skating rink include:
- Rink Attendants – Sell tickets, rent equipment
- Office Manager – Bookkeeping, run payroll
- Facilities Manager – Clean rink, keep up with maintenance and repairs
- Marketing Lead – Manage social media accounts, book private events
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Start Making Money!
Operating your own roller skating rink is a fun and rewarding way to make a living. You’ll provide good times for kids and teens, as well as a place to hang out. You’ll also give nostalgic adults a chance to relive the past and make new memories!
Now that you’ve done your entrepreneurial homework, it’s time to lace up those skates and start building the best roller skating rink in town.
Roller Skating Rink FAQs
You can start a roller rink for around $19,000. You’ll need to purchase or rent a suitable facility, make any necessary renovations, and purchase skates for customers to rent.
Yes, roller skating rinks are profitable. You can increase revenue by offering skating lessons, hosting nightclub events, and selling food and beverages.
Prices for admission to a roller rink range from $8-$12 for three to four hours of skating. You could also charge anywhere from $350 to $500 for groups to rent your rink for private events.
You may be required to obtain specific permits and licenses to run your roller rink. Check with your state and local government and visit MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance page.
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