You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as term loans for those with bad credit, or hard money startup loans.
How to Start a Money Lending Business
Written by: Carolyn Young
Carolyn Young is a business writer who focuses on entrepreneurial concepts and the business formation. She has over 25 years of experience in business roles, and has authored several entrepreneurship textbooks.
Edited by: David Lepeska
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Published on June 15, 2022
Updated on November 29, 2023
$8,550 - $18,100
$72,000 - $300,000 p.a.
Time to build
3 – 6 months
$58,000 - $120,000 p.a.
“Neither a borrower nor a lender be,” Shakespeare warned. Yet many have ignored his advice and today non-bank loans represent a $7 billion US industry. You could make good money with your own money lending business, as you’ll charge a higher interest rate and fees than those charged by banks because of the additional risk involved.
But before you start searching for investors, you’ll need to understand the process of launching a business. Luckily, this step-by-step guide has all the information you need to put you on the road to entrepreneurial success as a lender.
Looking to register your business? A limited liability company (LLC) is the best legal structure for new businesses because it is fast and simple.
Step 1: Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Pros and cons
Before we get into the details, it’s important to clarify the type of business under discussion. Money lending businesses provide capital to individuals, generally those who cannot qualify for traditional bank loans. Money lending businesses can be structured in a number of ways:
- Private Lending – With a private lending company, you’d be lending your own personal funds to individuals, either unsecured or secured by collateral.
- Hard Money Lending – You would form relationships with money brokers and investors who would put up capital for you to use to make loans. The brokers or investors will take the interest earned and you would charge borrowers a loan fee.
- P2P Lending – Peer-to-peer lending is usually online and is basically a money lending app that connects individual lenders and borrowers. The P2P lending company usually takes a fee for the loan service.
This article will focus mainly on a hard money lending business, which requires much less capital to start. Even so, starting a money lending business has pros and cons to consider before deciding if it’s right for you.
- Good Money – Make 3-5% of each loan up front
- Flexibility – Run your business from home
- Large Market – Customers can be anywhere
- Build Relationships – Takes time to find investors, clients
- Attorney Fees – Need a prospectus for investors, plus loan documents
Money lending industry trends
Industry size and growth
- Industry size and past growth – The US installment loan industry was worth $6.7 billion in 2021 after declining 1.3% annually over the previous five years.((https://www.ibisworld.com/united-states/market-research-reports/installment-lenders-industry/))
- Growth forecast – The US installment loan industry is projected to continue to modestly decline over the next five years.
- Number of businesses – In 2021, 19,551 installment loan businesses were operating in the US.
- Number of people employed – In 2021, the US installment loan industry employed 106,935 people.
Trends and challenges
Trends in the money lending industry include:
- Hard money loans are growing in size and more often used for home purchases. This means higher fees for hard money lenders.
- More and more cross-border hard money loans are being made due to investors wanting to expand their reach globally.
Challenges in the money lending industry include:
- Money lenders have come under much scrutiny for alleged predatory lending practices and the high rates and fees they charge.
- Regulations are continuously tightening on money lenders, creating obstacles to doing business.
- Most popular states – The most popular states for lenders are South Dakota, Minnesota, and Michigan.((https://www.zippia.com/lender-jobs/best-states/))
- Least popular states – The least popular states for lenders are Indiana, Tennessee, and Virginia.
What kind of people work in money lending?
- Gender – 50.8% of lenders are female, while 49.2% are male.((https://www.zippia.com/lender-jobs/demographics/))
- Average level of education – The average lender has a bachelor’s degree.
- Average age – The average lender in the US is 44.9 years old.
How much does it cost to start a money lending business?
If you decide to start a hard money lending business, your startup costs will range from $8,000 to $18,000. The largest cost will be attorney fees. You will need a prospectus to give to potential investors detailing how you will do business and how they will get a return on their investments. Such documents are complicated and costly. You’ll also need a website and a marketing budget.
|Setting up a business name and corporation
|$150 - $200
|Business licenses and permits
|$100 - $300
|Business cards and brochures
|$200 - $300
|$1,000 - $3,000
|$5,000 - $10,000
|$2,000 - $4,000
|$8,550 - $18,100
How much can you earn from a money lending business?
Hard money lenders typically take a 3% to 5% fee of the total loan amount. Since a large portion of the loans you make will be for homes, these calculations will assume an average loan amount of $150,000, which would give you an average fee of $6,000 per loan.
The interest paid on the loans will go to the investors. Your profit margin should be high, at around 80%. In your first year or two, you could do 12 loans a year, bringing in $72,000 in annual revenue. This would mean $57,600 in profit, assuming that 80% margin.
As you build a reputation, you could increase that number to 50 loans a year. At this stage, you’d rent a commercial space and hire staff, reducing your profit margin to around 40%. With annual revenue of $300,000, you’d make a handsome profit of $120,000.
What barriers to entry are there?
The only barrier to entry for a money lending business is building relationships with investors, which often takes a lot of networking and leg work.
Related Business Ideas
Step 2: Hone Your Idea
Now that you know what’s involved in starting a money lending business, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Market research will give you the upper hand, even if you’re already positive that you have a perfect product or service. Conducting market research is important, because it can help you understand your customers better, who your competitors are, and your business landscape.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research money lending businesses in your area to examine their products and services, price points, and customer reviews. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a micro lending company or a money lender that will provide a business line of credit.
This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
You’ll need to determine what types of loans to offer, and how you will evaluate credit scores to determine whether to make the loans. You’ll need to lay out specific lending criteria in your investor prospectus.
As far as the types of loans, you can offer mortgage loans, business loans, personal unsecured loans, car loans, or lines of credit.
How much should you charge for money lending?
Hard money lenders typically take a 3% to 5% fee of the total loan amount. The interest paid on the loans will go to the investors. The interest rates you charge will depend on the interest rate limits in your state. Working alone, your profit margin should be high, at around 80%.
Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price points. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.
Who? Identify your target market
Your target market will generally be anyone with bad credit who needs a loan. You should market on TikTok, Instagram, Facebook, and even LinkedIn, which is also a good way to connect with potential investors.
Where? Choose your business premises
In the early stages, you may want to run your business from home to keep costs low. But as your business grows, you’ll likely need to hire workers for various roles and may need to rent out an office. You can find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.
When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:
- Central location accessible via public transport
- Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
- Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
- Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
Step 3: Brainstorm a Money Lending Business Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
- Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
- Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
- Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
- Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
- Including keywords, such as “money lending” or “hard money loans”, boosts SEO
- Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Instant Money Solutions” over “Home Sweet Loan”
- Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
- Use online tools like the Step by Step Business Name Generator. Just type in a few keywords and hit “generate” and you’ll have dozens of suggestions at your fingertips.
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Find a Domain
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Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Money Lending Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
- Executive Summary: A brief summary of the business plan, highlighting its key points and objectives.
- Business Overview: An overview of the money lending business, including its mission, vision, and legal structure.
- Product and Services: Details about the types of loans or financial services offered, including terms, interest rates, and eligibility criteria.
- Market Analysis: An examination of the target market, including size, demographics, and trends, to identify potential customers.
- Competitive Analysis: Evaluation of competitors in the lending industry, assessing their strengths and weaknesses.
- Sales and Marketing: Strategies for attracting and retaining customers, including advertising and promotional efforts.
- Management Team: Introduction to the individuals leading the business, highlighting their qualifications and roles.
- Operations Plan: Information on day-to-day operations, such as loan application processing, risk management, and customer support.
- Financial Plan: Projections for revenue, expenses, and profitability, as well as funding requirements and financial forecasts.
- Appendix: Supporting documents, such as legal agreements, market research data, or additional information to enhance the plan’s credibility.
If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist to create a top-notch business plan for you.
Step 5: Register Your Business
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you’re planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to money lenders.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your money lending business will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
- Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
- General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
- Limited Liability Company (LLC) – Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
- C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
- S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using an online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have.
Step 6: Register for Taxes
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
The IRS website also offers a tax-payers checklist, and taxes can be filed online.
It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you’re completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
- Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
- SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
- Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
- Venture capital: Venture capital investors take an ownership stake in exchange for funds, so keep in mind that you’d be sacrificing some control over your business. This is generally only available for businesses with high growth potential.
- Angel investors: Reach out to your entire network in search of people interested in investing in early-stage startups in exchange for a stake. Established angel investors are always looking for good opportunities.
- Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
- Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
- Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
Bank and SBA loans are probably the best option, other than friends and family, for funding a money lending business. You might also try crowdfunding if you have an innovative concept.
Step 8: Apply for Money Lending Business Licenses and Permits
Starting a money lending business requires obtaining a number of licenses and permits from local, state, and federal governments.
You’ll need to meet the requirements to be a licensed money lender in your state. You’ll also need to follow federal and state regulations on lending practices.
Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more.
You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.
This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties.
If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.
Step 9: Open a Business Bank Account
Before you start making money, you’ll need a place to keep it, and that requires opening a bank account.
Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your money lending business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
- General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
- Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
- Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
- Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
- Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
- Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
- Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
- Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.
Step 11: Prepare to Launch
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
- Popular web-based accounting programs for smaller businesses include Quickbooks, Freshbooks, and Xero.
- If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism.
You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Wix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
Starting a money lending business can be lucrative, but success hinges on effective marketing strategies. Here are practical tips beyond creating a website and networking:
- Targeted Local Advertising: Utilize local newspapers, community bulletin boards, and radio stations to advertise your services, ensuring your message reaches the right audience within your community.
- Strategic Partnerships: Forge partnerships with local businesses like real estate agencies or car dealerships, creating a referral system where they recommend your lending services to their clients.
- Educational Seminars: Host free financial literacy seminars in your community to position yourself as an expert and attract potential borrowers seeking valuable insights into managing their finances.
- Social Media Engagement: Leverage social media platforms to engage with your audience, share financial tips, and create a community around your brand, fostering trust and credibility.
- Customer Testimonials: Showcase satisfied clients through testimonials in your marketing materials, emphasizing success stories and building credibility among potential borrowers.
- Loyalty Programs: Implement a loyalty program offering incentives or discounted rates for repeat borrowers, encouraging customer retention and word-of-mouth referrals.
- Direct Mail Campaigns: Design targeted direct mail campaigns to reach specific demographics, using compelling offers or promotions to capture the attention of potential borrowers.
- Online Reviews and Ratings: Encourage satisfied customers to leave positive reviews on online platforms, enhancing your online reputation and influencing potential borrowers in their decision-making process.
- Community Involvement: Actively participate in local events and sponsor community initiatives to increase your brand visibility and foster a positive image within the community.
- Referral Programs: Develop a referral program where existing customers are rewarded for referring new borrowers, creating a network of advocates who vouch for your services.
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your money lending business meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your money lending business could be:
- Bad credit? We can put you back in the black
- Mortgage loan denied? We’ll finance your new home
- Affordable loans to build your business
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a money lending business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in money lending for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in money lending businesses. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership.
Step 12: Build Your Team
If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a money lending business include:
- Loan Processors – handle loan paperwork
- Loan Originators – take loan applications, get loan informational documents
- General Manager – scheduling, accounting
- Marketing Lead – SEO strategies, social media
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Run a Money Lending Business – Start Making Money!
Money lenders provide a valuable service to people unable to obtain loans, which is why it’s big business. If you can build solid relationships with investors and are committed to helping people, you could build a lucrative lending operation, even starting from your own home!
Now that you know what’s involved from a business perspective, it’s time to launch your successful money lending business.
Money Lending Business FAQs
You can make a 3% to 5% fee on each loan amount, so it can be very profitable. The key is to build relationships with investors who will fund your loans.
Hard money lenders typically take a 3% to 5% fee of the total loan amount. The interest paid on the loans will go to the investors. The interest rates you charge will depend on the interest rate limits in your state.
To differentiate your money lending business, focus on providing competitive interest rates, flexible repayment terms, exceptional customer service, quick loan processing, transparency in fees and charges, and personalized financial solutions tailored to individual borrower needs.
Yes, you can start a money lending business on the side, but it requires careful consideration of legal and regulatory requirements, managing risk effectively, and ensuring proper time management and resources to handle both your main job and the lending business.
Assess the creditworthiness of potential borrowers by conducting thorough credit checks, verifying their income and employment stability, reviewing their credit history and repayment patterns, and considering any collateral or guarantors provided. Additionally, evaluate their debt-to-income ratio and analyze their financial statements to gauge their ability to repay the loan.
Expand your money lending business by developing strategic partnerships with local businesses or professionals, leveraging digital marketing strategies to reach a wider audience, offering referral incentives to existing clients, exploring new geographical regions or markets, providing online loan application and processing options, and continuously enhancing your reputation through positive customer reviews and testimonials.
How to Start a Money Lending Business
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