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How to Start a Hospital

Written by:

Carolyn Young is a business writer who focuses on entrepreneurial concepts and the business formation. She has over 25 years of experience in business roles, and has authored several entrepreneurship textbooks.

Edited by:

David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.

How to Start a Hospital

Fast Facts

Investment range

$28,082,150 - $106,153,200

Revenue potential

$12 million - $36 million p.a.

Time to build

12 – 18 months

Profit potential

$1.2 million - $3.6 million p.a.

Industry trend




How to Start a Hospital

Hospitals, obviously, are vital to any community. In recent years, hospitals and clinics faced bed shortages due to the pandemic and struggled to keep up with demand. Now the industry is growing and most markets would welcome a new hospital. 

Starting a hospital is an expensive and demanding undertaking, but all that investment is worth it, as it goes toward saving lives. You can also make good money in what is a trillion-dollar industry. 

But before you start exploring your financing options, you’ll need to understand the process of starting a business. Fortunately, this step-by-step guide details everything you need to know to launch a successful hospital. 

Step 1: Decide if the Business Is Right for You

Pros and cons

Starting a hospital has pros and cons to consider before deciding if it’s right for you.


  • Save Lives – Hospitals give people second chances every day
  • Consistent Demand – People always need medical attention
  • Good Money – Medical care is expensive


  • Large Investment – Constructing and equipping a hospital costs a fortune
  • Complicated to Run – Hospitals require expert administration

Hospital industry trends

Industry size and growth

hospital industry size and growth

Trends and challenges

Trends in the hospital industry include:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is being used more and more in healthcare to analyze data and enable faster diagnoses. 
  • Virtual health care is becoming common, allowing hospital staff to conduct follow-up care remotely.

Challenges in the hospital industry include:

  • Many hospitals are not able to tap into the new technologies available that could improve health care due to the high costs.
  • Cybersecurity is a huge concern for hospitals due to the need to protect patients’ healthcare data.
hospital industry Trends and Challenges

Demand hotspots

hospital industry demand hotspots

What kind of people work in hospitals?

hospital industry demographics

How much does it cost to start a hospital business?

Startup costs for a hospital range from $28 – $100 million. The bulk of the cost is for the construction of the hospital. You’ll also need a large operating budget to start with. 

If you do not have hospital administration experience, most colleges and universities offer online degrees in healthcare administration and management. 

You can access many resources by becoming a member of the American Hospital Association

You’ll need many items to successfully launch your hospital business, including: 

  • Computer system
  • Hospital beds, gurneys
  • Testing and diagnostic equipment
  • Surgical equipment
  • Medical and life-saving equipment
  • Kitchen equipment
Start-up CostsBallpark RangeAverage
Setting up a business name and corporation$150 - $200$175
Business licenses and permits$2,000 - $3,000$2,500
Insurance$20,000 - $30,000$25,000
Website setup$10,000 - $20,000$15,000
Hospital construction$25,000,000 - $100,000,000$62,500,000
Computer system$50,000 - $100,000$75,000
Beds and equipment$1,000,000 - $2,000,000$1,500,000
Labor and operating budget$2,000,000 - $4,000,000$3,000,000
Total$28,082,150 - $106,153,200$67,117,675

How much can you earn from a hospital business?

You’ll need to form relationships with insurance companies so that your medical services will be covered. The average emergency room cost is $2,500 and the average hospital stay is $15,000. Hospital operations are expensive, so your profit margin will be about 10%. 

In your first year or two, you might have 100 emergency room visits per month and 50 inpatients, bringing in $12,000,000 in annual revenue. This would mean $1,200,000 in profit, assuming that 10% margin. As your hospital becomes more well known, those numbers could triple. With annual revenue of $36,000,000, you’d make a tidy profit of $3,600,000.

hospital earnings forecast

What barriers to entry are there?

There are a few barriers to entry for a hospital. Your biggest challenges will be:

  • High startup costs of construction, equipment, and medical supplies
  • The experience necessary to start and run a hospital

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Step 2: Hone Your Idea

develop a business idea

Now that you know what’s involved in starting a hospital, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market. 

Market research will give you the upper hand, even if you’re already positive that you have a perfect service. Conducting market research is important, because it can help you understand your customers better, who your competitors are, and your business landscape.

Why? Identify an opportunity

Research hospitals in your area to examine their services, price points, and customer reviews. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a medical center that offers outpatient surgical procedures or an emergency medicine specialty hospital.

You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as surgical procedures or patients who receive Medicaid.

This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away. 

Understand your competitors

Analyzing your competitors is an essential part of starting a successful hospital business. Here are some steps you can follow to conduct competitor research:

  • Identify your competitors: Make a list of all the hospitals in your area. This can include general hospitals or specialty hospitals that may offer services similar to yours.
  • Analyze their size and scale: Look at the size of your competitors, such as the number of beds, staff, and range of services offered. Consider the facilities they have and how they may differ from yours.
  • Analyze their services: Look at the range of services your competitors offer, such as emergency services, primary care, or specialized care. Consider their specialization and unique selling points.
  • Analyze their reputation: Look at the reputation of your competitors, such as their patient satisfaction rates, accreditation status, and awards. Consider how they differentiate themselves from others in the market.
  • Analyze their marketing strategies: Look at how your competitors market their services, such as website, social media ads, Google My Business profile, or print ads. Consider their branding, messaging, and how they differentiate themselves from others in the market.
  • Create a competitive analysis report: Compile all the data you have gathered into a report. This report should include your competitors’ strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities. Use this report to create a plan for how you can differentiate yourself from your competitors.

What? Determine your products or services

You can specialize in certain types of hospital care such as emergency medicine or surgical procedures, but your best bet is to offer a full range of hospital services.

How much should you charge for hospital services?

Your services will be mainly dictated by standard industry prices, which are what insurance companies cover. Your profit margin after the cost of all operations should be about 10%. 

Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price points. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.

Who? Identify your target market

The primary target market for a hospital is patients who need medical care, whether for acute or chronic conditions, preventive care, or elective procedures. Patients can range from infants to elderly adults and may come from different demographic backgrounds and income levels.

hospital business idea rating

Step 3: Brainstorm a Hospital Name

Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.

Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:

  • Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
  • Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better 
  • Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
  • Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
  • Including keywords, such as “hospital” or “medical center”, boosts SEO
  • Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Premier Healthcare Alliance” over “Orthopedic Institute of New York”
  • Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
  • Use online tools like the Step by Step Business Name Generator. Just type in a few keywords and hit “generate” and you’ll have dozens of suggestions at your fingertips.

Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these. 

Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.

Step 4: Create a Hospital Business Plan

Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:

  • Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
  • Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
  • Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
  • Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
  • Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
  • Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
  • Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
  • Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
  • Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
  • Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.
what to include in a business plan

If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist to create a top-notch business plan for you.

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Step 5: Register Your Business

Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.

 Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business! 

Choose where to register your company

Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you’re planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to hospitals. 

If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state. 

Choose your business structure

Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your hospital will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely. 

Here are the main options:

  • Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
  • General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC) Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
  • C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
  • S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
types of business structures

We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using an online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your Articles of Organization, and answer any questions you might have. 

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Step 6: Register for Taxes

The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN. 

Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.

The IRS website also offers a tax-payers checklist, and taxes can be filed online.

It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you’re completing them correctly.

Step 7: Fund your Business

Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:

  • Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
  • SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
  • Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
  • Venture capital: Venture capital investors take an ownership stake in exchange for funds, so keep in mind that you’d be sacrificing some control over your business. This is generally only available for businesses with high growth potential.
  • Angel investors: Reach out to your entire network in search of people interested in investing in early-stage startups in exchange for a stake. Established angel investors are always looking for good opportunities. 
  • Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
  • Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
  • Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.

There are several specific types of financing for hospitals that you may be able to access.

  • Unlimited Tax General Obligation Bonds (UTGOBs) …
  • Limited Tax General Obligation Bonds (LTGOBs) …
  • Tax Exempt Revenue Bonds (TERBs) …
  • HUD 242 Loan Insurance Program.

Step 8: Apply for Hospital Business Licenses and Permits

Business Licenses and Permits

Starting a hospital business requires obtaining a number of licenses and permits from local, state, and federal governments. Most states have a demanding hospital registration process that you must go through to become a licensed hospital. Check with your state for requirements. 

Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits. 

You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more. 

You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.

This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties.

If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.

Step 9: Open a Business Bank Account

Before you start making money, you’ll need a place to keep it, and that requires opening a bank account.

Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your hospital business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.

Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account. 

Step 10: Get Business Insurance

Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.

Here are some types of insurance to consider:

  • General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
  • Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
  • Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
  • Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
  • Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
  • Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
  • Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
  • Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.
types of business insurance

Step 11: Prepare to Launch

Launching a Business

As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business. 

Essential software and tools

Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks. 

You may want to use industry-specific software, such as brightly, eHospital, or Glorium, to manage your operations, records, compliance, staff, and invoicing. 


  • Popular web-based accounting programs for smaller businesses include Quickbooks, Freshbooks, and Xero
  • If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.

Develop your website

Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism.

You can create your own website using services like WordPressWix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.

They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google. 


Some of your business will come from the casual passerby or online visitors, but you should still invest in digital marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness. 

Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products: 

  • Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area. 
  • Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
  • Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Schedule Now”. This can sharply increase purchases. 
  • Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.

Kickstart Marketing

Take advantage of your website, social media presence and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:

  • Signage – Put up eye-catching signage at your hospital and website 
  • Sponsor events – You can pay to be a sponsor at events that are relevant to your target market
  • Email marketing/newsletter – Send regular emails to customers and prospects. Make them personal. 
  • Start a blog – Start a blog and post regularly. Change up your content and share on multiple sites.
  • Paid ads on social media – Choose sites that will reach your target market and do targeted ads.
  • Payper-click marketing – Use Google AdWords to perform better in searches. Research your keywords first.
  • Testimonials – Share customer testimonials about how your hospital services helped them

Focus on USPs

Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your hospital meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire. 

Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your hospital business could be:

  • Patient safety and care are our top priorities
  • Professional, full-service care to ensure your health
  • Trusted healthcare in a loving environment
unique selling proposition


You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a hospital business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in hospitals for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections. 

The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in hospitals. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership. 

Step 12: Build Your Team

Building a Team for a New Business

If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a hospital business include:

  • Hospital Registration Agents – register patients
  • Physicians – provide medical care in various specialties
  • Surgeons – perform surgical procedures
  • Nurses – assist with medical care
  • Orderlies – transport patients in the hospital
  • Housekeepers – clean all areas of the hospital
  • Kitchen Workers – prepare patient meals
  • Security Guards – protect patients and staff

At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need. 

Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent. 

Step 13: Run a Hospital – Start Making Money!

Running a Business

Hospitals are a trillion-dollar US industry and a critical part of our society. Starting a hospital might seem daunting, but with a sizable investment and hard work, you can serve your community, save lives, and build a lucrative and rewarding healthcare operation.

Now that you know what’s involved from a business perspective, it’s time to be a local hero and start your successful hospital. 

Hospital Business FAQs

What is the most profitable part of a hospital?

The top five most profitable parts of a hospital are:

  • Cardiology
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • Family medicine
  • OB/GYN
How should I price hospital services?

Your services will mainly be dictated by standard industry prices which are what insurance companies will cover. Check service prices in your area.

What do top CEOs of hospitals get paid?

The top CEOs of for-profit health systems are paid upwards of $20 million. Even the CEOs of non-profit hospitals are paid nearly that much, which is somewhat controversial.

How do I become a smart hospital?

Becoming a smart hospital involves a digital transformation investment. You’ll invest in things like AI tools and interconnected medical devices.

Is it hard to open your own hospital?

Starting a hospital is quite a complex undertaking. Building the facility, purchasing equipment, and hiring staff take much work and capital.