David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Updated on May 16, 2023
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How to Start a Freight Forwarding Business
Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Hone Your Idea
Brainstorm a Business Name
Create a Business Plan
Register Your Business
Register for Taxes
Fund your Business
Apply for Licenses/Permits
Open a Business Bank Account
Get Business Insurance
Prepare to Launch
Build Your Team
Start Making Money!
Freight Forwarding Business FAQs
Ever wonder what goes into getting products from factory to customer? There are a ton of moving parts and freight forwarders play a key role, which is why the global freight forwarding industry expects steady growth for at least the next five years.
Acting as intermediaries on behalf of the shipping company to provide storage, coordinate logistics, and negotiate contracts, US freight forwarding companies do nearly $160 billion in annual business. With your own freight forwarding business you could grab a share of that vast, growing market and make a great living.
But before you rent out a warehouse, you’ll need to learn what it takes to successfully launch a business. Fortunately, this step-by-step guide contains the entrepreneurial tools and resources you need to get started in freight forwarding.
Looking to register your business? A limited liability company (LLC) is the best legal structure for new businesses because it is fast and simple.
Trends within the freight forwarding industry include:
The rise of artificial intelligence is simplifying freight forwarding. AI has been streamlining everything from tracking shipments to warehouse operations.
Some freight forwarding companies are using blockchain technology to create contracts with carriers and secure payments.
Challenges within the freight forwarding industry include:
Becoming a successful freight forwarder is all about having a robust network of carriers and service providers. Prepare to spend a lot of time finding the right people to connect with and nurturing relationships.
Trade regulations are constantly changing, making it challenging for freight forwarders to keep up with the latest rules.
Average level of education –The average freight forwarder has obtained a bachelor’s degree.
Average age – The average freight forwarder in the US is 44 years old.
How much does it cost to start a freight forwarding business?
Startup costs for a freight forwarding company range from $32,100 to $76,100. Your main costs will be leasing a warehouse and the purchase of quipment like forklifts. Costs will depend largely on the type of freight you specialize in.
Depending on the type of freight you work with, you’ll be required to obtain specific licenses and insurance, including what is known as a surety bond that serves as a financial guarantee to carriers and shippers. If you’re interested in taking a course on freight forwarding, Udemy offers some for under $100 that can be completed in a few hours.
You’ll need a handful of items to successfully launch your freight forwarding business, including:
Freight forwarder’s license
Licenses and permits
Marketing and advertising
How much can you earn from a freight forwarding business?
Pricing for freight forwarding services depends on a number of different factors and largely depends on the types of companies you serve. A company might charge the equivalent of a portion of cargo value, for example $20 for every $500 handled. Aim for a profit margin of around 40%.
In your first year or two, you could forward $5 million worth of freight at $20 per every $500 worth of cargo, bringing in $200,000 in annual revenue. This would mean $80,000 in profit, assuming that 40% profit margin. As your company grows, you could handle $10 million worth of freight per year. At this stage, you’d hire additional staff, reducing your profit margin to around 30%. With annual revenue of $400,000, you’d make a tidy profit of $120,000.
What barriers to entry are there?
There are a few barriers to entry when it comes to starting a freight forwarding business. Your biggest challenges will be:
Obtaining required permits, licenses, and insurance
Building up a solid network of carriers and service providers
Related Business Ideas
If you’re still not sure whether this business idea is the right choice for you, here are some related business opportunities to help you on your path to entrepreneurial success.
Now that you know what’s involved in starting a freight forwarding business, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Market research will give you the upper hand, even if you’re already positive that you have a perfect product or service. Conducting market research is important, because it can help you understand your customers better, who your competitors are, and your business landscape.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research freight forwarders in your area to examine their services, price points, and customer reviews. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a freight forwarding company that includes packaging or assembly services.
You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as air freight or ocean freight.
This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
As a freight forwarder, you’ll be responsible for arranging shipments and storing goods for your customers. As a supply chain expert, you may also play a part in packaging, distribution, maintaining appropriate documentation, and consulting on logistics strategies.
How much should you charge for freight forwarding services?
Pricing your freight forwarding services is an extremely detailed process. Freight forwarding companies take several things into consideration when quoting, including the type of goods, shipping containers, weight, and volume of shipments. They also consider the work it takes to negotiate rates with carriers, completion of any compliance paperwork, and warehouse labor costs. Your pricing will greatly depend on the niche you serve. After factoring in operating costs, your profit margin should be around 40%.
Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price points. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.
Who? Identify your target market
Your target market will be manufacturers looking for supply chain experts to help move their goods at the lowest rates. You’ll want to find relevant businesses and managers on professional social media platforms like LinkedIn to generate leads. Attending trade shows within your niche is also a great way to find potential customers.
Where? Choose your business premises
To run your freight forwarding business effectively, you’ll need to hire workers for various roles and rent out a warehouse. You can find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.
When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:
Central location accessible via public transport
Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
Step 3: Brainstorm a Business Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
Including keywords, such as “logistics” or “freight forwarding”, boosts SEO
Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Global Connect Logistics” over “Air Freight Express”
Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.
If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist to create a top-notch business plan for you.
Make Logos, Business Cards, Social Designs and More!
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you are planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to freight forwarding businesses.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your freight forwarding business will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
Limited Liability Company (LLC)– Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using an online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have.
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you are completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
Bank and SBA loans are probably the best option, other than friends and family, for funding a freight forwarding business.
Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more.
Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your freight forwarding business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.
Step 11: Prepare to Launch
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
You may want to use industry-specific software, such as Linbis, Magaya, or Logitude to quote shipments, automate customs compliance workflows, and store documents.
If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism.
You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Wix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
Some of your business will come from word of mouth or online visitors , but you should still invest in digital marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness.
Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products:
Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area.
Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Get A Quote”. This can sharply increase your client base.
Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.
Take advantage of your website, social media presence and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:
Signage – Put up eye-catching signage at your warehouse and website
Flyering – Distribute flyers in your neighborhood and at industry events
In-Person Sales – Offer your freight forwarding services at local markets, trade shows
Sponsor events – You can pay to be a sponsor at events that are relevant to your target market
Email marketing/newsletter – Send regular emails to customers and prospects. Make them personal.
Start a blog – Start a blog and post regularly. Change up your content and share on multiple sites.
Seek out referrals – Offer incentives to generate customer referrals to new clients.
Pay–per-click marketing – Use Google AdWords to perform better in searches. Research your keywords first.
Testimonials – Share customer testimonials about how your freight forwarding business helped them
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your freight forwarding business meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your freight forwarding business could be:
We make international logistics easy and effortless
Reliable cargo solutions at competitive rates
Premier freight forwarding for the nation’s top importers
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a freight forwarding business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in logistics for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in freight forwarding. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership.
Step 12: Build Your Team
If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a freight forwarding business include:
Freight Forwarding Agent – Receive shipments at the warehouse, prepares compliance documents
Office Manager – Send quotes to customers, manage shipment schedules
Marketing Lead – Run ad campaigns, generate leads
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Start Making Money!
Owning your own freight forwarding company takes a lot of hard work and dedication, but it’s also crucial to economic growth. You could become a dedicated, reliable partner to your customers and make great money along the way.
Now that you’re familiar with what it takes to launch a business, it’s time to get out there and make some logistical magic!
Freight Forwarding Business FAQs
How do freight forwarders get clients?
Freight forwarders can get clients through various ways, such as:
Networking: Attending industry events, conferences, and exhibitions can help to connect with potential clients and build relationships.
Referrals: Satisfied clients can recommend your services to others, leading to more business.
Digital marketing: Utilizing social media, search engine optimization and email marketing can help to raise awareness of your services and attract potential clients.
Partnering with other businesses: Collaborating with other logistics and transportation companies can lead to cross-selling opportunities and new clients.
Is a freight forwarding business profitable?
Freight forwarding is an extremely profitable business venture. The key to success lies in strategic pricing, working within a lucrative niche, and having a robust network of carriers and supply chain experts.
What are some ways to differentiate your freight forwarding business from competitors?
Some ways to differentiate your freight forwarding business from competitors are offering specialized services, providing exceptional customer service, and utilizing technology.
What is the risk of freight forwarder?
The risks associated with being a freight forwarder include liability for cargo damage or loss during transportation, legal and regulatory compliance issues, and fluctuating fuel prices and currency exchange rates.
How do I become a successful freight forwarder?
To become a successful freight forwarder, some key steps to consider are:
Gain relevant education and experience in logistics, transportation, and international trade.
Establish strong relationships with carriers, customs brokers, and other logistics providers.
Focus on providing exceptional customer service and timely communication.
Invest in technology and automation to improve efficiency and provide better visibility into shipments.
Stay up-to-date with industry trends and regulatory changes to maintain compliance and stay competitive.