Carolyn Young is a business writer who focuses on entrepreneurial concepts and the business formation. She has over 25 years of experience in business roles, and has authored several entrepreneurship textbooks.
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Published on January 3, 2022 Updated on February 14, 2024
$4,500 - $11,500
$36,000 - $110,000 p.a.
Time to build
$25,000 - $75,000 p.a.
Dogs make wonderful pets – loving, loyal, and fun! Many a dog lover finds that beloved breed that holds a special place in their hearts, which is why the US dog and pet breeding industry is worth $2 billion. If you choose to breed dogs, you can get a share of that market while caring for and enjoying dogs and giving people the pet of their dreams.
Starting a dog breeding business presents many challenges, however, and will take time, work, and knowledge to launch. This step-by-step guide is loaded with all the information you need to get you on your way to starting a lucrative dog breeding business.
Looking to register your business? A limited liability company (LLC) is the best legal structure for new businesses because it is fast and simple.
The number of US dog owners has increased during the pandemic, from 50% to 54% of US households, according to the American Kennel Association (AKA). ((https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/lifestyle/current-trends-pet-spending-2021-2022/))
The share of pet owners that own purebred pets has held steady at 56%.
The most popular dog breeds in 2020 were Labrador retriever, French Bulldog, German Shepherd, and Golden Retriever.
Some challenges also exist in the industry, including:
Pet and animal health costs are rising, including dog medication. The number of dog owners who give their dogs medication has increased from 63% to 70% since 2018.
Dog breeding, also sometimes known as dog farming, is suffering due to bad press. Some people and organizations, including leading animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), present a negative view of dog breeders (with criticisms such as “puppy mill!”), and promote dog rescues instead.
Average prices – A puppy costs $500 to $3,000, depending on the breed and condition.
How much does it cost to start a dog breeding business?
Startup costs for a dog breeding business range from $4,500 to about $11,000. The expenses will vary based on how much you spend on your first female dog and your first stud fee, as well as your vet bills and equipment such as kennel crates. Breeder education courses are included as well. You can take courses through the AKA, which range from free to $60 per course.
You’ll need a handful of items to successfully launch your dog breeding business. Here’s a list to get you started:
Leashes and collars
Blankets and dog beds
Setting up a business name and corportation
$150 - $200
Licenses and permits
$100 - $300
$100 - $300
Business cards and brochures
$200 - $300
$1,000 - $3,000
First female dog and first stud fee
$750 - $3,000
Kennels, food, and other supplies
$1,500 - $3,000
$500 - $1,000
$100 - $100
Breeder training courses
$100 - $300
$4,500 - $11,500
How much can you earn from a dog breeding business?
A female dog can have 3 litters per year and the average litter size is 6 puppies. Puppies can be sold when they reach the age of 8 to 10 weeks. Puppy prices range from $500 to $3,000 depending on their breed and condition. You should look for the finest pedigree dogs. Your profit margin after food and veterinary expenses should be about 70%.
In your first year or two, if your one female has three 6-puppy litters per year and you sell each for $2,000, you’ll have $36,000 in annual revenue and about $25,000 in profit, assuming that 70% margin. As your brand gains recognition, you can add two female dogs and have 9 litters each year, giving you annual revenue of nearly $110,000 and more than $75,000 in profit. And that’s with only three females!
What barriers to entry are there?
There are a few barriers to entry for dog breeding. Your biggest challenges will be:
You need enough space, indoors and out, to care for your dogs
Extensive knowledge of the breed and pregnant dog care is a must
Related Business Ideas
If you’re still not sure whether this business idea is the right choice for you, here are some related business opportunities to help you on your path to entrepreneurial success.
Now that you know what’s involved in being an animal breeder and starting a dog breeding business, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Market research will give you the upper hand, even if you’re already positive that you have a perfect product or service. Conducting market research is important, because it can help you understand your customers better, who your competitors are, and your business landscape.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research dog breeders in your area to examine their offerings, price points, and customer reviews. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a Bulldog breeder.
You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as only breeding dogs of a particular breed.
Focusing on an unusual breed like Tibetan mastiff, Irish wolfhound, or Chow Chow could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
You can specialize in one breed, or you can choose to have a variety of breeds. You also need to decide if you want to offer to spay or neuter the dogs for your customers after they are adopted or offer any other kinds of follow-up services such as training or medication. Remember, pet medication is a growing market that could offer added opportunity.
How much should you charge for puppies?
Prices for puppies from dog breeders range from $500 to $3,000. Your price will mainly depend on the type of breed. You’ll have ongoing expenses for food and vet care. You should aim for a profit margin of 70%.
Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price point. Remember, the price you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.
Who? Identify your target market
Your target market will be dog lovers. Interestingly, according to the AKA, most purebred dog owners are millennials. You can find this target market on sites like Instagram.
Where? Choose your business premises
In the early stages, you may want to run your business from home to keep costs low. But as your dog breeding business grows, you’ll likely need to hire workers for various roles and may need to rent out a facility. You can find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.
When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:
Central location accessible via public transport
Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
Step 3: Brainstorm a Dog Breeding Business Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
The name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
Including keywords, such as “purebred dogs” or “dog breeder”, boosts SEO
Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Forever Friends Breeders” over “Labradoodle Lovers Breeding”
Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Dog Breeding Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
Executive Summary: A brief overview of your dog breeding business, summarizing key aspects such as mission, goals, and financial projections.
Business Overview: Detailed information on your dog breeding business, including its legal structure, location, and a brief history or vision for the business.
Product and Services: Description of the specific dog breeds you’ll focus on, any additional services offered (e.g., training, grooming), and pricing strategies.
Market Analysis: Analysis of the target market, including demographics, trends, and potential demand for specific dog breeds.
Competitive Analysis: Evaluation of competitors in the dog breeding industry, highlighting strengths, weaknesses, and strategies to differentiate your business.
Sales and Marketing: Strategies for promoting and selling your dogs, including advertising, online presence, and potential partnerships.
Management Team: Introduction of key team members, their roles, and relevant experience in the dog breeding or related industries.
Operations Plan: Details on day-to-day activities, facilities, breeding practices, and health care measures for the dogs.
Financial Plan: Projections for startup costs, revenue forecasts, and a breakdown of expenses, showcasing the financial viability of your dog breeding business.
Appendix: Additional information, such as permits, licenses, certifications, and any supporting documents that provide more depth to your business plan.
If you’ve never created a business plan yourself before, it can be an intimidating task. Consider hiring an experienced business plan writer to create a professional business plan for you.
Step 5: Register Your Business
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you are planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to dog breeding businesses.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your dog breeding business will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
Limited Liability Company(LLC) – Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using an online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have.
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you are completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
SBA loans are one of your best options. The SBA offers an SB 7(a) loan for small businesses with favorable terms. Personal funding is also a good option since the startup costs are not high, and you won’t have to make payments on a loan.
Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as, health license and permit from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level licenses and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more. You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements.
This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties.
If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.
Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your dog breeding business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of any of the above insurance types.
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism.
You can create your own website using website builders. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
For your dog breeding business, the marketing strategy should focus on showcasing the health, pedigree, and temperament of your dogs. Emphasize your commitment to ethical breeding practices, the quality care you provide to your dogs, and the support and guidance you offer to new owners.
The goal is to establish your business as a reputable and responsible breeder who prioritizes the welfare of the dogs and the satisfaction of the new owners. Here are some powerful marketing strategies for your future business:
Professional Branding: Your branding should convey trustworthiness, care, and a deep affection for dogs. This includes your logo, business cards, and promotional materials, as well as the design and tone of your website and social media profiles.
Direct Outreach: Network with local veterinarians, dog clubs, and trainers. Attending dog shows and canine events can also be a great way to build your reputation and meet potential clients.
Digital Presence and Online Marketing
Professional Website and SEO: Develop a website that showcases your dogs, their pedigrees, health clearances, and any achievements or certifications. Optimize your site for search engines with keywords related to responsible dog breeding, specific breeds, and puppy care.
Social Media Engagement: Use platforms like Instagram and Facebook to post beautiful photos of your dogs, share updates about litters, and provide insights into your breeding process and the care you provide.
Content Marketing and Engagement
Educational Blog: Share articles about breed-specific care, training tips, and health advice. This helps in positioning yourself as an expert and a caring breeder.
Testimonials and Success Stories: Feature stories from happy clients who have brought one of your puppies into their home. Video testimonials or updates on how the dogs are doing can be particularly engaging.
Email Newsletters: Keep interested clients informed about upcoming litters, breeding plans, and available puppies.
Experiential and In-Person Engagements
Kennel Visits: Offer scheduled visits to your kennel for potential clients to meet your dogs, understand your breeding process, and see the environment where the puppies are raised.
Participation in Dog Shows and Canine Events: Regularly participate in dog shows and events to showcase the quality of your breeding and to network within the canine community.
Collaborations and Community
Partnerships with Canine Professionals: Collaborate with trainers, groomers, and veterinarians to offer a full package of care and advice to new puppy owners.
Community Engagement: Engage in local community events or sponsor dog-related activities to increase visibility and build a positive reputation.
Customer Relationship and Loyalty Programs
Puppy Owner Clubs or Groups: Create a community for people who have purchased your puppies to share updates, advice, and experiences.
Aftercare Support and Advice: Offer continued support and advice to new owners, which can include puppy care guides, training tips, and health information.
Promotions and Advertising
Targeted Advertising: Use targeted advertising in dog-related publications, local vet clinics, and online platforms frequented by dog enthusiasts.
Referral Incentives: Implement a referral program rewarding past clients who refer new customers to your breeding business.
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your dog breeding business meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your dog breeding business could be:
French Bulldogs bred with loving care
Gentle Labradors for your family
Registered purebred dogs – pick your breed
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a dog breeding business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in dog breeding for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in dog breeding. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership.
Step 12: Build Your Team
You may need help caring for your dogs and running your business at some point, even though you’ll be running your business from home. Potential positions for a dog breeding business would include:
Helpers or Dog Sitters – help care for dogs, clean up after dogs
Dog Trainers – help train dogs after adoption
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Run a Dog Breeding Business – Start Making Money!
Most people agree that dogs are lovely animals and a great addition to any household. Dog breeding gives you the opportunity to care for dogs, find them good homes, and make a nice profit. It’s a $2 billion industry and you can capitalize on that market while providing a valuable service. You now have some knowledge about the business, so you’re ready to start your journey to becoming a successful dog breeder.
Dog Breeder Business FAQs
How profitable is a dog breeding business?
Prices for puppies range from $500 to $3000. A dog can have up to 3 litters per year and litter sizes average 6 puppies. Even with one dog, you can make a nice profit, and if you acquire more dogs, you can increase your income substantially.
How do I get the puppies that I breed registered?
You can register your business, your litters, and your puppies with the American Kennel Association (AKA). Costs to register are nominal.
What is the most profitable dog to breed?
French Bulldogs are a very profitable breed, selling for high prices. They are also a very popular breed. German Shepherds are also very popular and profitable.
What is the easiest dog to breed and sell?
It is not appropriate to categorize dogs as “easy” to breed and sell. Breeding dogs should be done responsibly and with the welfare of the dogs in mind. The focus should be on breeding healthy, well-tempered dogs that meet breed standards.
How many times can you breed a dog?
The number of times a dog can be bred depends on various factors, including the breed, the dog’s health and age, and responsible breeding practices. It is essential to prioritize the well-being of the dog and consult with a veterinarian and breed-specific guidelines to determine appropriate breeding limits.
What are the most expensive dog breeds?
Some breeds known to be among the more expensive include English Bulldog, Samoyed, Chow Chow, Rottweiler, Akita, Tibetan Mastiff, and Pharaoh Hound. However, it’s important to note that the cost of a dog should not be the sole consideration when choosing a breed, as responsible dog ownership involves much more than the initial purchase price.
How to Start a Dog Breeding Business
Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Hone Your Idea
Brainstorm a Dog Breeding Business Name
Create a Dog Breeding Business Plan
Register Your Business
Register for Taxes
Fund your Business
Apply for Dog Breeding Business Licenses and Permits
Open a Business Bank Account
Get Business Insurance
Prepare to Launch
Build Your Team
Run a Dog Breeding Business - Start Making Money!
Dog Breeder Business FAQs
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