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How to Start a Cupcake Business

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Published on February 11, 2022

Updated on September 21, 2022

How to Start a Cupcake Business

Disclaimer: Step by Step Business’ content is for informational and educational purposes only. It’s not intended to be a substitute for professional legal or tax advice. All of our articles are thoroughly reviewed and fact-checked by our editorial team. Read our editorial guidelines for more details.

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Fast Facts

Investment range

$2,050 - $15,600

Revenue potential

$40,000 - $300,000 p.a.

Time to build

0 – 3 months

Profit potential

$37,000 - $90,000 p.a.

Industry trend

Growing

Commitment

Flexible

How to Start a Cupcake Business

What can you say about cupcakes? Yummalicious! Cupcakes are always a hit, at birthday parties, local events, community gatherings, or just when you want a sweet treat. If you enjoy baking tasty cupcakes, why not turn it into a business? You can start your business from home with little investment, grab a slice of the $40 billion-plus cake industry and put some nice change in your cookie jar.  

Of course, a well-equipped kitchen and some culinary talent are not enough to start a successful business — you’ll also need some serious knowledge. Fortunately, this step-by-step guide contains all the insight you need to switch on that oven and become a top-tier cupcake entrepreneur!

Step 1: Decide if the Business Is Right for You

Pros and cons

Starting a cupcake business has pros and cons to consider before deciding if it’s right for you.

Pros

  • Flexibility – Start from home, work on your time
  • Low Startup Costs – Minimal investment needed to get baking
  • Share the Love – Who doesn’t love a good cupcake?

Cons

  • Competitive Market – Cupcake shops are all the rage
  • Skills Needed – Excellent cupcake-making skills are necessary

Cupcake industry trends

As pandemic-related shutdowns end, parties, events, and celebrations are returning and helping drive renewed demand in desserts, including cupcakes. 

Industry size and growth

  • Industry size and past growth – The global cake industry, which includes cupcakes, was estimated to be worth $43 billion in 2019.[1]https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cakes-market  
  • Growth forecast – The global cupcake box industry is predicted to grow around 5% yearly through 2032.[2]https://www.globenewswire.com/en/news-release/2022/06/16/2463563/0/en/Cupcake-Box-Market-is-estimated-to-reach-around-US-366-5-Mn-by-the-end-of-2032-Future-Market-Insights-Inc.html Cupcakes are stored or delivered in cupcake boxes.
  • Number of businesses – Nearly 10,000 retail and independent bakeries operate in the US.[3]https://www.bakeryandsnacks.com/Article/2018/10/31/Industry-insight-into-US-bakery-market
cupcake industry size and growth

Trends and challenges

Trends in the cupcake industry include:

  • Cupcakeries, which are bakeries specializing in cupcakes, are exploding. Shows like Cupcake Wars are a result of the “the great cupcake rush” fueling growth. 
  • Wedding cakes are being replaced with cupcake cakes, towers of cupcakes designed to feed fewer people since weddings have been smaller.
  • Savory cupcakes are one of the new trends, such as pretzel or bacon cupcakes. Even vegetable flavors like zucchini and corn are gaining popularity.

Challenges in the cupcake industry include:

  • The explosion of the cupcakery trend is making the cupcake industry increasingly competitive. Unique flavor creations, far beyond just chocolate cupcakes, are essential for new cupcake businesses to stand out and gain clientele. 
  • More consumers want healthier cupcakes that still taste amazing, which can be difficult to achieve. 
cupcake industry Trends and Challenges

How much does it cost to start a cupcake business?

Starting a home-based cupcake business will only cost about $2,000, assuming that you already have a fully equipped kitchen. To start a cupcake bakery will cost about $15,000, including space rental and kitchen equipment. You can also take cupcake making courses on a site like Udemy for less than $100. Courses are generally self-study, so you can learn to be a great cupcake baker in just a few weeks.

You’ll need a handful of items to successfully launch your cupcake business, including: 

  • Oven
  • Refrigerator
  • Baking pans and utensils
  • Mixing bowls and mixers
  • Packaging supplies
Start-up CostsBallpark RangeAverage
Setting up a business name and corporation$150 - $200$175
Business licenses and permits$100 - $300$200
Insurance$100-$300$200
Business cards and brochures$200 - $300$250
Website setup$1,000 - $3,000$2,000
Bakery space rental$0 - $3,000$1,500
Bakery equipment and setup$0 - $7,500 $3,750
Ingredients$500 - $1,000$750
Total$2,050 - $15,600$8,825

How much can you earn from a cupcake business?

The price for a dozen standard-sized specialty cupcakes is around $40, while a dozen small cupcakes cost about half that. Working from home, your profit margin should be about 90%.

In your first year or two, you could work from home and sell 20 dozen cupcakes a week at $40 each, bringing in over $40,000 in annual revenue. This would mean around $37,000 in profit, assuming that 90% margin. As your brand gains recognition, sales could climb to 20 dozen cupcakes a day if you open a retail bakery. At this stage, you’d also hire staff, reducing your profit margin to 30%. With annual revenue of nearing $300,000, you’d make a tidy profit of $90,000.

Cupcake business earnings forecast

What barriers to entry are there?

There are a few barriers to entry for a cupcake business. Your biggest challenges will be:

  • Startup costs, if you decide to open a retail bakery
  • Serving unique and delicious cupcakes that help you stand out

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Step 2: Hone Your Idea

Now that you know what’s involved in starting a cupcake business, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market. 

Why? Identify an opportunity

Research cupcake businesses in your area to examine their products, price points, customer reviews, and what sells best. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing a vegan cupcake business.

You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as savory cupcakes.

This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away. 

What? Determine your products or services

You’ll need a list of at least 6-8 strong cupcake recipes. If you open a retail cupcake bakery you can also offer beverages like coffee to boost revenue. You could also offer cupcake catering for weddings, birthday parties, and corporate events. 

How much should you charge for cupcakes?

The average price for a single specialty cupcake is usually $4, while a dozen cupcakes often cost around $40. Your ongoing costs when working from home will be limited to your ingredients and fuel if you deliver. You should aim for a profit margin of 90%.

Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price point. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.

Who? Identify your target market

Your target market will be very broad, since almost everyone loves cupcakes! You should spread out your marketing to include sites like TikTok, Instagram, and Facebook. You can also try to leave brochures at party stores, or partner with wedding planners to get referrals. You could also look for local businesses on LinkedIn, and offer to provide cupcakes for their in-office events. 

Where? Choose your business premises

In the early stages, you may want to run your business from home to keep costs low. But as your business grows, you may need to hire workers for various roles and rent out a production facility or open a bakery. Find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.

When choosing a commercial space, you may want to follow these rules of thumb:

  • Central location accessible via public transport
  • Ventilated and spacious, with good natural light
  • Flexible lease that can be extended as your business grows
  • Ready-to-use space with no major renovations or repairs needed
cupcake business idea rating

Step 3: Brainstorm a Business Name

Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.

Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:

  • Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
  • Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better 
  • Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
  • Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
  • Including keywords, such as “cupcakes” or “specialty cupcakes”, boosts SEO
  • Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “Jim’s Bakery” over “Jim’s Cookies”
  • Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
  • Use online tools like the Step by Step Business Name Generator. Just type in a few keywords and hit “generate” and you’ll have dozens of suggestions at your fingertips.

Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these. 

Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that set your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.

Step 4: Create a Business Plan

Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:

  • Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
  • Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
  • Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
  • Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
  • Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assess their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
  • Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
  • Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
  • Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
  • Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
  • Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.

If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist at Fiverr to create a top-notch business plan for you.

Step 5: Register Your Business

Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.

Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business! 

Choose where to register your company

Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you’re planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to cupcake businesses. 

If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state. 

Choose your business structure

Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your cupcake business will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely. 

Here are the main options:

  • Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
  • General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC) – Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
  • C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
  • S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just needs to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.

We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using ZenBusiness’s online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have. 

Step 6: Register for Taxes

The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN. 

Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.

The IRS website also offers a tax-payers checklist, and taxes can be filed online.

It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you’re completing them correctly.

Step 7: Fund your Business

Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:

  • Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
  • SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
  • Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
  • Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
  • Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
  • Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.

Bank and SBA loans are probably the best options, other than friends and family, for funding a cupcake business. You might also try crowdfunding if you have an innovative concept. 

Step 8: Apply for Licenses/Permits

Starting a cupcake business requires obtaining a number of licenses and permits from local, state, and federal governments.

You may need the following, depending on the requirements in your area:

  • Food service license
  • Food handler’s permit
  • Building health permit

Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits. 

You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more. 

You could also check this SBA guide for your state’s requirements, but we recommend using MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance Package. They will research the exact forms you need for your business and state and provide them to ensure you’re fully compliant.

This is not a step to be taken lightly, as failing to comply with legal requirements can result in hefty penalties.

If you feel overwhelmed by this step or don’t know how to begin, it might be a good idea to hire a professional to help you check all the legal boxes.

Step 9: Open a Business Bank Account

Before you start making money, you’ll need a place to keep it, and that requires opening a bank account.

Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your cupcake business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.

Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account. 

Step 10: Get Business Insurance

Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.

Here are some types of insurance to consider:

  • General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
  • Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
  • Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
  • Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
  • Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
  • Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
  • Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
  • Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.

Step 11: Prepare to Launch

As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business. 

Essential software and tools

Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks. 

You may want to use industry-specific software, such as aptean, cybake, or Flexibake, to track customer orders, inventory, and nutritional content.

Accounting

  • Popular web-based accounting programs for smaller businesses include Quickbooks, Freshbooks, and Xero
  • If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial. 

Marketing

Some of your business will come from the casual passerby or online visitors, but you should still invest in digital marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness. 

Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products: 

  • Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area. 
  • Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
  • Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Order Now”. This can sharply increase purchases. 
  • Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.

Kickstart Marketing

Take advantage of your website, social media presence, and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:

  • Competitions and giveaways – Generate interest by offering prizes for customers who complete a certain action, such as free cupcake for every purchase of 2 dozen cupcakes.
  • Signage – Put up eye-catching signage at your cupcake bakery and website. 
  • Flyering – Distribute flyers in your neighborhood and at industry events.
  • Limited edition – Offer a one-time version of your cupcakes.
  • Email marketing/newsletter – Send regular emails to customers and prospects. Make them personal. 
  • Start a blog – Start a blog and post regularly. Change up your content and share it on multiple sites.
  • Paid ads on social media – Choose sites that will reach your target market and do targeted ads.
  • Pay–per-click marketing – Use Google AdWords to perform better in searches. Research your keywords first.
  • Influencer marketing – Pay people with large social media followings to promote your cupcakes. You can find micro-influencers with smaller followings and lower rates.

Develop your website

Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism. They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google. 

You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Wix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.

Focus on USPs

Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your cupcake business meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire. 

Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your cupcake business could be:

  • Specialty cupcakes delivered to your door
  • Cupcake tower cakes for your next event
  • Vegan and savory cupcakes to fit your lifestyle
unique selling proposition

Networking

You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a cupcake business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been in baking for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections. 

The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in cupcakes. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership. 

Step 12: Build Your Team

If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a cupcake business include:

  • Bakers – bake cupcakes
  • Marketing Lead – SEO strategies, social media 
  • General Manager – staff management, ordering, accounting

At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need. 

Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent. 

Step 13: Start Making Money!

Cupcakes are all the rage, as we experience “the great cupcake rush”! If you can make a fantastic cupcake, you can turn this global trend into a good living. You can start from home, build a name, open your own cupcakery, and grow your business like the famous Crumbs Bake Shop. 

You’ll have fun too, being creative with your flavors and sharing your cupcake passion with your community. You’ve now got all the business knowledge that you need, so strap on that apron and start baking up your new cupcake empire!

Cupcake Business FAQs

How much does it cost to start a cupcake business?

You can start a home-based cupcake business for about $2,000 if you have a fully equipped kitchen. Your costs will be for a website and some ingredients. If you want to open a retail cupcake bakery, you’ll spend at least $15,000 upfront.

Can a cupcake business be profitable?

Yes, a cupcake business can be profitable. Cupcakes can sell for $4 each, and your cost to make them is small. If you’re running your business from home, most of the money you make will stay in your pocket.

What licenses do I need to start a cupcake business?

Depending on your area, you may need a food handler’s permit, a food service license, and a building health permit. You may also need other business licenses and permits at the state and local levels. Check with your local governments for requirements or visit MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance page.

How much should I charge for cupcakes?

Individual cupcakes sell from $3 to $5, while a dozen can cost $35 to $40 or more. Prices depend on how “fancy” and unique the cupcakes are, and the cost of the ingredients. Check other local cupcake businesses to see what they charge so that you can be competitive in the local market.