Carolyn Young is a business writer who focuses on entrepreneurial concepts and the business formation. She has over 25 years of experience in business roles, and has authored several entrepreneurship textbooks.
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Updated on May 22, 2023
$64,050 - $104,100
$730,000 - $1,825,000 p.a.
Time to build
3 – 6 months
$73,000 - $182,500 p.a.
How to Start a Convenience Store
Decide if the Business Is Right for You
Hone Your Idea
Brainstorm a Convenience Store Name
Create a Convenience Store Business Plan
Register Your Business
Register for Taxes
Fund your Business
Apply for Convenience Store Business Licenses and Permits
Open a Business Bank Account
Get Business Insurance
Prepare to Launch
Build Your Team
Run a Convenience Store - Start Making Money!
Convenience Store Business FAQs
Everybody likes convenience, which is why most of us have stopped in a convenience store to grab a drink or snack or a few necessities. Some convenience stores are also gas stations, while others are open 24/7, like 7-Eleven.
Convenience stores are a big and growing US industry, expanding 37% in the last decade. Starting a convenience store could be a great way for you to provide people with stuff they need and make a good living.
But first you’ll need to understand the process of launching a business. Luckily, this step-by-step guide is your one-stop-shop for all the information you need to start a successful convenience store.
Looking to register your business? A limited liability company (LLC) is the best legal structure for new businesses because it is fast and simple.
Average level of education –The average convenience store manager has a bachelor’s degree.
Average age – The average convenience store manager in the US is 44.2 years old.
How much does it cost to start a convenience store business?
Startup costs for a convenience store range from $65,000 to $100,000. The costs include the store rental and preparation, inventory, equipment, and a labor and operating budget.
You’ll need a handful of items to successfully launch your convenience store business, including:
Setting up a business name and corporation
$150 - $200
Business licenses and permits
$100 - $300
Business cards and brochures
$200 - $300
$1,000 - $3,000
$2,500 - $5,000
Space preparation with POS and lottery equipment
$5,000 - $10,000
$30,000 - $50,000
Labor and operating budget
$25,000 - $35,000
$64,050 - $104,100
How much can you earn from a convenience store business?
Prices for items in a convenience store vary greatly. These calculations will assume that the average customer spends $10 per visit. Your profit margin after all costs should be about 10%.
In your first year or two, you might have 200 customers a day, bringing in $730,000 in annual revenue. This would mean $73,000 in profit, assuming that 10% margin. As your store gets more well known, you might have 500 customers a day. With annual revenue of $1,825,000, you’d make an outstanding profit of $182,500.
What barriers to entry are there?
There are a few barriers to entry for a convenience store. Your biggest challenges will be:
The startup costs of inventory and an operating budget
Drawing clients away from other convenience stores and gas stations
Related Business Ideas
If you’re still not sure whether this business idea is the right choice for you, here are some related business opportunities to help you on your path to entrepreneurial success.
Now that you know what’s involved in starting a convenience store, it’s a good idea to hone your concept in preparation to enter a competitive market.
Market research will give you the upper hand, even if you’re already positive that you have a perfect product or service. Conducting market research is important, because it can help you understand your customers better, who your competitors are, and your business landscape.
Why? Identify an opportunity
Research convenience stores in your area to examine their products, price points, and what sells best. You’re looking for a market gap to fill. For instance, maybe the local market is missing an independent convenience store that sells a wide variety of lottery tickets or a large selection of baked goods or dairy and grocery items.
You might consider targeting a niche market by specializing in a certain aspect of your industry, such as beer and snacks, or discount tobacco products.
This could jumpstart your word-of-mouth marketing and attract clients right away.
What? Determine your products or services
You could sell any number of items in your store, from snacks and beverages to health and beauty products. You could also sell freshly prepared foods like sandwiches and coffee.
You should also offer lottery tickets to bring in more traffic. Tobacco products, beer, and other alcoholic beverages are also commonly sold in convenience stores. You could also make your store a convenience store and gas station, but you’ll have the added expense of the gas pump system.
How much should you charge for convenience store items?
Your prices will depend on the items you sell. You’ll need to markup the wholesale costs of the items to make a profit but make your prices competitive in your market. After all your costs of goods, rent, labor, and overhead, you should aim for a profit margin of about 10%.
Once you know your costs, you can use this Step By Step profit margin calculator to determine your mark-up and final price points. Remember, the prices you use at launch should be subject to change if warranted by the market.
Who? Identify your target market
Your target market could be anyone, so you should spread out your marketing to include sites like TikTok, Instagram, Facebook, and LinkedIn, as well as local media outlets.
Where? Choose your convenience store location
Choosing the right location for your convenience store is essential for attracting customers and ensuring its success. Look for a spot in a high-traffic area with good visibility, such as a busy street corner or a popular shopping district.
Consider accessibility and convenience, ensuring that the location is easily reachable by foot, car, or public transportation. Additionally, assess the local demographics and aim to select a location that caters to a wide range of customers, from commuters to residents.
By strategically choosing the right location, you can establish a profitable and popular convenience store that offers a variety of products and services and stands out in the competitive retail industry. You can find commercial space to rent in your area on sites such as Craigslist, Crexi, and Instant Offices.
Step 3: Brainstorm a Convenience Store Name
Your business name is your business identity, so choose one that encapsulates your objectives, services, and mission in just a few words. You probably want a name that’s short and easy to remember, since much of your business, and your initial business in particular, will come from word-of-mouth referrals.
Here are some ideas for brainstorming your business name:
Short, unique, and catchy names tend to stand out
Names that are easy to say and spell tend to do better
Name should be relevant to your product or service offerings
Ask around — family, friends, colleagues, social media — for suggestions
Including keywords, such as “convenience” or “24/7 shop”, boosts SEO
Name should allow for expansion, for ex: “One Stop-Shop Corner” over “Student Stop”
Avoid location-based names that might hinder future expansion
Once you’ve got a list of potential names, visit the website of the US Patent and Trademark Office to make sure they are available for registration and check the availability of related domain names using our Domain Name Search tool. Using “.com” or “.org” sharply increases credibility, so it’s best to focus on these.
Finally, make your choice among the names that pass this screening and go ahead with domain registration and social media account creation. Your business name is one of the key differentiators that sets your business apart. Once you pick your company name, and start with the branding, it is hard to change the business name. Therefore, it’s important to carefully consider your choice before you start a business entity.
Step 4: Create a Convenience Store Business Plan
Every business needs a plan. This will function as a guidebook to take your startup through the launch process and maintain focus on your key goals. A business plan also enables potential partners and investors to better understand your company and its vision:
Executive Summary: Brief overview of the entire business plan; should be written after the plan is complete.
Business Overview: Overview of the company, vision, mission, ownership, and corporate goals.
Product and Services: Describe your offerings in detail.
Market Analysis: Assess market trends such as variations in demand and prospects for growth, and do a SWOT analysis.
Competitive Analysis: Analyze main competitors, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and create a list of the advantages of your services.
Sales and Marketing: Examine your companies’ unique selling propositions (USPs) and develop sales, marketing, and promotional strategies.
Management Team: Overview of management team, detailing their roles and professional background, along with a corporate hierarchy.
Operations Plan: Your company’s operational plan includes procurement, office location, key assets and equipment, and other logistical details.
Financial Plan: Three years of financial planning, including startup costs, break-even analysis, profit and loss estimates, cash flow, and balance sheet.
Appendix: Include any additional financial or business-related documents.
If you’ve never created a business plan, it can be an intimidating task. You might consider hiring a business plan specialist to create a top-notch business plan for you.
Make Logos, Business Cards, Social Designs and More!
Registering your business is an absolutely crucial step — it’s the prerequisite to paying taxes, raising capital, opening a bank account, and other guideposts on the road to getting a business up and running.
Plus, registration is exciting because it makes the entire process official. Once it’s complete, you’ll have your own business!
Choose where to register your company
Your business location is important because it can affect taxes, legal requirements, and revenue. Most people will register their business in the state where they live, but if you’re planning to expand, you might consider looking elsewhere, as some states could offer real advantages when it comes to convenience stores.
If you’re willing to move, you could really maximize your business! Keep in mind, it’s relatively easy to transfer your business to another state.
Choose your business structure
Business entities come in several varieties, each with its pros and cons. The legal structure you choose for your convenience store will shape your taxes, personal liability, and business registration requirements, so choose wisely.
Here are the main options:
Sole Proprietorship – The most common structure for small businesses makes no legal distinction between company and owner. All income goes to the owner, who’s also liable for any debts, losses, or liabilities incurred by the business. The owner pays taxes on business income on his or her personal tax return.
General Partnership – Similar to a sole proprietorship, but for two or more people. Again, owners keep the profits and are liable for losses. The partners pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
Limited Liability Company (LLC)– Combines the characteristics of corporations with those of sole proprietorships or partnerships. Again, the owners are not personally liable for debts.
C Corp – Under this structure, the business is a distinct legal entity and the owner or owners are not personally liable for its debts. Owners take profits through shareholder dividends, rather than directly. The corporation pays taxes, and owners pay taxes on their dividends, which is sometimes referred to as double taxation.
S Corp – An S-Corporation refers to the tax classification of the business but is not a business entity. An S-Corp can be either a corporation or an LLC, which just need to elect to be an S-Corp for tax status. In an S-Corp, income is passed through directly to shareholders, who pay taxes on their share of business income on their personal tax returns.
We recommend that new business owners choose LLC as it offers liability protection and pass-through taxation while being simpler to form than a corporation. You can form an LLC in as little as five minutes using an online LLC formation service. They will check that your business name is available before filing, submit your articles of organization, and answer any questions you might have.
The final step before you’re able to pay taxes is getting an Employer Identification Number, or EIN. You can file for your EIN online or by mail or fax: visit the IRS website to learn more. Keep in mind, if you’ve chosen to be a sole proprietorship you can simply use your social security number as your EIN.
Once you have your EIN, you’ll need to choose your tax year. Financially speaking, your business will operate in a calendar year (January–December) or a fiscal year, a 12-month period that can start in any month. This will determine your tax cycle, while your business structure will determine which taxes you’ll pay.
It is important to consult an accountant or other professional to help you with your taxes to ensure you’re completing them correctly.
Step 7: Fund your Business
Securing financing is your next step and there are plenty of ways to raise capital:
Bank loans: This is the most common method but getting approved requires a rock-solid business plan and strong credit history.
SBA-guaranteed loans: The Small Business Administration can act as guarantor, helping gain that elusive bank approval via an SBA-guaranteed loan.
Government grants: A handful of financial assistance programs help fund entrepreneurs. Visit Grants.gov to learn which might work for you.
Friends and Family: Reach out to friends and family to provide a business loan or investment in your concept. It’s a good idea to have legal advice when doing so because SEC regulations apply.
Crowdfunding: Websites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo offer an increasingly popular low-risk option, in which donors fund your vision. Entrepreneurial crowdfunding sites like Fundable and WeFunder enable multiple investors to fund your business.
Personal: Self-fund your business via your savings or the sale of property or other assets.
Bank and SBA loans are probably the best option, other than friends and family, for funding a convenience store business.
Step 8: Apply for Convenience Store Business Licenses and Permits
You’ll need to obtain alcohol and tobacco licenses if you’re going to sell those items.
Federal regulations, licenses, and permits associated with starting your business include doing business as (DBA), health licenses and permits from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other intellectual properties, as well as industry-specific licenses and permits.
You may also need state-level and local county or city-based licenses and permits. The license requirements and how to obtain them vary, so check the websites of your state, city, and county governments or contact the appropriate person to learn more.
Keeping your business finances separate from your personal account makes it easy to file taxes and track your company’s income, so it’s worth doing even if you’re running your convenience store business as a sole proprietorship. Opening a business bank account is quite simple, and similar to opening a personal one. Most major banks offer accounts tailored for businesses — just inquire at your preferred bank to learn about their rates and features.
Banks vary in terms of offerings, so it’s a good idea to examine your options and select the best plan for you. Once you choose your bank, bring in your EIN (or Social Security Number if you decide on a sole proprietorship), articles of incorporation, and other legal documents and open your new account.
Step 10: Get Business Insurance
Business insurance is an area that often gets overlooked yet it can be vital to your success as an entrepreneur. Insurance protects you from unexpected events that can have a devastating impact on your business.
Here are some types of insurance to consider:
General liability: The most comprehensive type of insurance, acting as a catch-all for many business elements that require coverage. If you get just one kind of insurance, this is it. It even protects against bodily injury and property damage.
Business Property: Provides coverage for your equipment and supplies.
Equipment Breakdown Insurance: Covers the cost of replacing or repairing equipment that has broken due to mechanical issues.
Worker’s compensation: Provides compensation to employees injured on the job.
Property: Covers your physical space, whether it is a cart, storefront, or office.
Commercial auto: Protection for your company-owned vehicle.
Professional liability: Protects against claims from a client who says they suffered a loss due to an error or omission in your work.
Business owner’s policy (BOP): This is an insurance plan that acts as an all-in-one insurance policy, a combination of the above insurance types.
Step 11: Prepare to Launch
As opening day nears, prepare for launch by reviewing and improving some key elements of your business.
Essential software and tools
Being an entrepreneur often means wearing many hats, from marketing to sales to accounting, which can be overwhelming. Fortunately, many websites and digital tools are available to help simplify many business tasks.
You may want to use industry-specific software, such as PDI, CStoreOffice, or LSRetail, to manage your purchasing, inventory, and invoices.
If you’re unfamiliar with basic accounting, you may want to hire a professional, especially as you begin. The consequences for filing incorrect tax documents can be harsh, so accuracy is crucial.
Develop your website
Website development is crucial because your site is your online presence and needs to convince prospective clients of your expertise and professionalism.
You can create your own website using services like WordPress, Wix, or Squarespace. This route is very affordable, but figuring out how to build a website can be time-consuming. If you lack tech-savvy, you can hire a web designer or developer to create a custom website for your business.
They are unlikely to find your website, however, unless you follow Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practices. These are steps that help pages rank higher in the results of top search engines like Google.
Some of your business will come from the casual passerby or online visitors, but you should still invest in digital marketing! Getting the word out is especially important for new businesses, as it’ll boost customer and brand awareness.
Once your website is up and running, link it to your social media accounts and vice versa. Social media is a great tool for promoting your business because you can create engaging posts that advertise your products:
Facebook: Great platform for paid advertising, allows you to target specific demographics, like men under age 50 in the Cleveland area.
Instagram: Same benefits as Facebook but with different target audiences.
Website: SEO will help your website appear closer to the top in relevant search results, a crucial element for increasing sales. Make sure that you optimize calls to action on your website. Experiment with text, color, size, and position of calls to action such as “Buy Now”. This can sharply increase purchases.
Google and Yelp: For businesses that rely on local clientele, getting listed on Yelp and Google My Business can be crucial to generating awareness and customers.
Take advantage of your website, social media presence and real-life activities to increase awareness of your offerings and build your brand. Some suggestions include:
Signage – Put up eye-catching signage at your store and website
Start a blog – Start a blog and post regularly. Change up your content and share on multiple sites.
Paid ads on social media – Choose sites that will reach your target market and do targeted ads.
Pay–per-click marketing – Use Google AdWords to perform better in searches. Research your keywords first.
Focus on USPs
Unique selling propositions, or USPs, are the characteristics of a product or service that sets it apart from the competition. Customers today are inundated with buying options, so you’ll have a real advantage if they are able to quickly grasp how your convenience store meets their needs or wishes. It’s wise to do all you can to ensure your USPs stand out on your website and in your marketing and promotional materials, stimulating buyer desire.
Global pizza chain Domino’s is renowned for its USP: “Hot pizza in 30 minutes or less, guaranteed.” Signature USPs for your convenience store business could be:
Snacks and drinks for your life on the go
Need a few quick items? Stop and shop fast!
All your lotto and lottery options in one place
You may not like to network or use personal connections for business gain. But your personal and professional networks likely offer considerable untapped business potential. Maybe that Facebook friend you met in college is now running a convenience store business, or a LinkedIn contact of yours is connected to dozens of potential clients. Maybe your cousin or neighbor has been working in convenience for years and can offer invaluable insight and industry connections.
The possibilities are endless, so it’s a good idea to review your personal and professional networks and reach out to those with possible links to or interest in convenience stores. You’ll probably generate new customers or find companies with which you could establish a partnership.
Step 12: Build Your Team
If you’re starting out small from a home office, you may not need any employees. But as your business grows, you will likely need workers to fill various roles. Potential positions for a convenience store business include:
Store Clerks – make sales, customer service
General Manager– ordering, inventory management, accounting
Marketing Lead – SEO strategies, social media
At some point, you may need to hire all of these positions or simply a few, depending on the size and needs of your business. You might also hire multiple workers for a single role or a single worker for multiple roles, again depending on need.
Free-of-charge methods to recruit employees include posting ads on popular platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, or Jobs.com. You might also consider a premium recruitment option, such as advertising on Indeed, Glassdoor, or ZipRecruiter. Further, if you have the resources, you could consider hiring a recruitment agency to help you find talent.
Step 13: Run a Convenience Store – Start Making Money!
Convenience stores are a part of our daily lives, whether we’re grabbing a cup of coffee or looking to get lucky with the lottery. You could ride the industry’s growth wave with your own convenience store and make good money while providing people with the goods they need without the hassle of going to the grocery store.
You’ve learned the business launch process now, so it’s time to find a great location and get your successful convenience store up and running!
Convenience Store Business FAQs
How much does it cost to start a convenience store?
You can start a convenience store for about $65,000. Costs include a space rental and preparation, inventory, and a labor and operating budget.
Are convenience stores profitable?
Yes, convenience stores can be very profitable. You’ll need to offer a good variety of items and provide great customer service and you can be successful.
What licenses do I need to start a convenience store?
You’ll need to obtain alcohol and tobacco licenses if you’re going to sell those items. You may also need various business licenses and permits at the state and local levels. Check with your local governments for requirements or visit MyCorporation’s Business License Compliance page.
How should I price items in my convenience store?
Your prices will depend on the items you sell. You’ll need to markup the wholesale costs of the items to make a profit but make your prices competitive in your market.
Is it easy to run a convenience store?
Running a convenience store can have its challenges, but the difficulty level can vary based on factors such as location, competition, and management skills.
How do I become a successful convenience store?
To become a successful convenience store, focus on strategic location, a wide product selection, competitive pricing, excellent customer service, convenience and accessibility, and effective marketing and promotions.
What makes the most money in a convenience store?
Profitability in a convenience store can vary, but items like beverages, snacks, cigarettes/tobacco products, lottery tickets, and prepared food items often generate higher profit margins.
How can I improve my customer service in a convenience store?
Improve customer service by hiring and training friendly staff, maintaining a clean and organized store, offering a variety of products, implementing efficient checkout processes, listening to customer feedback, personalizing the shopping experience, implementing loyalty programs or promotions, optimizing store layout and signage, and fostering a culture of exceptional customer service.