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How to Get a Resale Certificate in Vermont

Written by:

Natalie is a business writer with experience in operations, HR, and training & development within the software, healthcare, and financial services sectors.

Edited by:

David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.

How to Get a Resale Certificate in Vermont

If you have recently launched or are planning to launch a business that will sell products or services in Vermont, you may want to get a resale certificate, or several of them, before you start doing business, as this can save you a lot of time and money. 

It’s a relatively simple process, as detailed in this step-by-step guide. 

What is a Resale Certificate?

If your business has a valid resale certificate, you can buy goods from a wholesaler without paying Vermont sales tax, though you may pay a use tax. Depending on the size of your business, this can save you tens of thousands of dollars each year. 

The catch is that whenever you do use a resale certificate to purchase goods, you are legally bound to resell those items and collect sales tax when you do so. If you do not resell those items, or fail to collect sales tax, the punishment could be costly fines or potential jail time. 

Keep in mind, each resale certificate, also known as a resale license, applies to a single vendor. This means you’ll need a resale certificate for each one of your vendors. 

You cannot use a resale certificate to buy items you do not intend to resell, such as a new computer for your business. This would be tax fraud, a felony offense. You are only able to buy items tax-exempt if you are going to collect sales tax on them later.

Not all wholesalers will accept resale certificates, nor do they have to. They may choose not to because of the risk of expired or false certificates, which would put the wholesaler on the hook for the sales tax.

church street burlington, vermont
KMarsh / Shutterstock.com

How to Apply for a Resale Certificate in Vermont

In Vermont, the resale certificate is known as the “certificate of exemption” and you’ll need to obtain the form from the Department of Taxes. The certificate is not filed with the state of Vermont, it’s simply kept on file by the seller.

In a few states, a seller’s permit, or sales tax permit, also serves as a resale certificate that applies to all vendors. But in most states, including Vermont, you’ll need a seller’s permit as well as resale certificates for each of your vendors. 

The seller’s permit identifies you with your state as a collector of sales tax. If you sell tangible personal property or goods you are required to have a sales tax permit. In some states, even a service provider like a lawyer is required to have a sales tax permit and collect state sales tax.

The resale certificate applies to items that you buy for resale, or for parts that you buy to manufacture something for sale. 

How to Fill out the Vermont Certificate of Resale

In Vermont, the Department of Taxes handles the issuance of resale certificates. Start by visiting the website, then follow these simple steps:

  1. Under the Forms and Documents section, click on the F0003 link to download the Streamlined Exemption Certificate.
Vermont Sales Tax Certificate of Resale

NOTE: Vermont is one of a group of states who participate in the Streamlined Sales Tax Governing Board and use the same standardized form. 

  1. In the first section, select whether or not the certificate is for a single purchase. If so, enter the appropriate invoice or purchase order number.
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form
  1. Next, enter your contact information along with the seller’s
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form
  1. In the following section, check the box next to the category that best describes your business.
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form
  1. Under “Reason for exemption”, check the letter that best identifies the reason for the exemption.
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form
  1. In the next section, enter the state-appropriate ID number and reasons for exemption.
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form
  1. Lastly, sign and date the form and store in your files. 
Vermont Certificate of Resale Form

For assistance, contact the Vermont Department of Taxes at (802) 828-2551.

Does a Vermont Resale Certificate Expire?

In Vermont, the certificate of exemption does not expire.


Resale certificates can be a bit of a hassle, but in Vermont they are an absolute necessity. So take the time to get certificates for each of your vendors to ensure full compliance with your state’s tax regulations. 


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How to Get a Resale Certificate in Vermont