If your business sells physical products or certain types of services, you will need to collect and pay sales tax. In Rhode Island, the first stepis ...
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How to Get a Resale Certificate in Rhode Island
Written by: Natalie Fell
Natalie is a business writer with experience in operations, HR, and training & development within the software, healthcare, and financial services sectors.
Edited by: David Lepeska
David has been writing and learning about business, finance and globalization for a quarter-century, starting with a small New York consulting firm in the 1990s.
Updated on May 22, 2023
How to Get a Resale Certificate in Rhode Island
- What is a Resale Certificate?
- How to Apply for a Resale Certificate in Rhode Island
- How to Fill out the Rhode Island Certificate of Resale
- Does a Rhode Island Resale Certificate Expire?
If you have recently launched or are planning to launch a business that will sell products or services in Rhode Island, you’ll want to get a resale certificate, or several of them, before you start doing business, as this can save you a lot of time and money.
It’s a relatively simple process, as detailed in this step-by-step guide.
What is a Resale Certificate?
If your business has a valid resale certificate, you can buy goods from a wholesaler without paying Rhode Island sales tax, though you may pay a use tax. Depending on the size of your business, this can save you tens of thousands of dollars each year.
The catch is that whenever you do use a resale certificate to purchase goods, you are legally bound to resell those items and collect sales tax when you do so. If you do not resell those items, or fail to collect sales tax, the punishment could be costly fines or potential jail time.
Keep in mind, each resale certificate, also known as a resale license, applies to a single vendor. This means you’ll need a resale certificate for each one of your vendors.
You cannot use a resale certificate to buy items you do not intend to resell, such as a new computer for your business. This would be tax fraud, a felony offense. You are only able to buy items tax-exempt if you are going to collect sales tax on them later.
Not all wholesalers will accept resale certificates, nor do they have to. They may choose not to because of the risk of expired or false certificates, which would put the wholesaler on the hook for the sales tax.
How to Apply for a Resale Certificate in Rhode Island
In Rhode Island, you’ll need to obtain the resale certificate form from the Division of Taxation. The certificate is not filed with the state of Rhode Island, it’s simply kept on file by the seller.
In a few states, a seller’s permit, or sales tax permit, also serves as a resale certificate that applies to all vendors. But in most states, including Rhode Island, you’ll need a seller’s permit as well as resale certificates for each of your vendors.
The seller’s permit identifies you with your state as a collector of sales tax. If you sell tangible personal property or goods you are required to have a sales tax permit. In some states, even a service provider like a lawyer is required to have a sales tax permit and collect state sales tax.
The resale certificate applies to items that you buy for resale, or for parts that you buy to manufacture something for sale.
How to Fill out the Rhode Island Certificate of Resale
In Rhode Island, the Division of Taxation handles the issuance of resale certificates. Start by visiting the website, then follow these simple steps:
- On the Sales & Excise Forms page, scroll down and click the Resale Certificate link to download the form.
- In the first section, enter your buyer’s retail permit number, what the buyer’s business sells, and your seller’s name.
- Next, enter a description of the property to be purchased, the name of the purchaser, and address.
4. Lastly, sign and date the form and keep a copy for your records.
For assistance, contact the Rhode Island Division of Taxation at (401) 574-8829.
Does a Rhode Island Resale Certificate Expire?
In Rhode Island, resale certificates expire after four years. It’s best to create calendar reminders so you’re aware when expirations are coming up to ensure you’re able to apply for renewal in time and run your business without interruption.
Resale certificates can be a bit of a hassle, but in Rhode Island they are an absolute necessity. So take the time to get certificates for each of your vendors to ensure full compliance with your state’s tax regulations.
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